alloys

examples of alloys

Most metal objects are made of alloys rather than pure metals. Objects made of four different alloys are shown in the Figure 1.1. Brass saxophone: Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc. It is softer than bronze and easier to shape. Its also very shiny. Notice the curved pieces in this shiny brass saxophone. Brass is used for shap- ing many other curved objects, such as doorknobs and plumbing fixtures. Stain- less steel sink: Stainless steel is a type of steel that contains nickel and chromium in addition to carbon and iron. It is shiny, strong, and resistant to rusting. This makes it useful for sinks, eating utensils, and other objects that are exposed to wa- ter. "Gold" bracelet: Pure gold is relatively soft, so it is rarely used for jewelry. Most "gold" jewelry is actually made of an alloy of gold, copper and silver. Bronze statue: Bronze was the first alloy ever made. The earliest bronze dates back many thou- sands of years. Bronze is a mixture of copper and tin. Both copper and tin are relatively soft metals, but mixed together in bronze they are much harder. Bronze has been used for statues, coins, and other objects. Q: Sterling silver is an alloy that is used to make fine jewelry. What elements do you think sterling silver contains? What properties might sterling silver have that make it more useful than pure silver? A: Most sterling silver is about 93 percent silver and about 7 percent copper. Sterling silver is harder and stronger than pure silver, while retaining the malleability and luster of pure silver.

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what are alloys

An alloy is a mixture of a metal with one or more other elements. The other elements may be metals, nonmetals, or both. An alloy is formed by melting a metal and dissolving the other elements in it. The molten solution is then allowed to cool and harden. Alloys generally have more useful properties than pure metals. Several examples of alloys are described and pictured below. If you have braces on your teeth, you might even have this alloy in your mouth! Click image to the left or use the URL below. URL:

instructional diagrams

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questions

alloys consist only of metallic elements.

a. true

-->  b. false

most metal objects are made of alloys rather than pure metals.

-->  a. true

b. false

which of the following is not an alloy?

-->  a) chromium

b) bronze

c) brass

d) steel

the alloy called stainless steel consists of

a) iron.

b) carbon.

c) nickel.

-->  d) all of the above

the first alloy ever made was

a) sterling silver.

b) steel.

c) brass.

-->  d) bronze.

brass is an alloy that is used for doorknobs and plumbing fixtures.

-->  a. true

b. false

diagram questions

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