climate zones and biomes

moist subtropical midlatitude

Moist subtropical mid-latitude climates are found along the coastal areas in the United States. Temperature: The coldest month ranges from just below freezing to almost balmy, between -3o C and 18o C (27o to 64o F). Summers are mild, with average temperatures above 10o C (50o F). Seasons are distinct. Rainfall: There is plentiful annual rainfall.

continental climates

Continental climates are found in most of the North American interior from about 40 N to 70 N. Temperature: The average temperature of the warmest month is higher than 10 C (50 F) and the coldest month is below -3 C (27 F). Precipitation: Winters are cold and stormy (look at the latitude of this zone and see if you can figure out why). Snowfall is common and snow stays on the ground for long periods of time. Trees grow in continental climates, even though winters are extremely cold, because the average annual temperature is fairly mild. Continental climates are not found in the Southern Hemisphere because of the absence of a continent large enough to generate this effect.

major climate groups

The Kppen classification system recognizes five major climate groups. Each group is divided into subcategories. Some of these subcategories are forest, monsoon, and wet/dry types, based on the amount of precipitation and season when that precipitation occurs (Figure 1.1). This world map of the Kppen classification system indicates where the climate zones and major biomes are located.

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biomes

A climate type and its plants and animals make up a biome. The organisms of a biome share certain characteristics around the world, because their environment has similar advantages and challenges. The organisms have adapted to that environment in similar ways over time. For example, different species of cactus live on different continents, but they have adapted to the harsh desert in similar ways. Click image to the left or use the URL below. URL:

polar climates

Polar climates are found across the continents that border the Arctic Ocean, Greenland, and Antarctica. Temperature: Winters are entirely dark and bitterly cold. Summer days are long, but the Sun is low on the horizon so summers are cool. The average temperature of the warmest month is less than 10o C (50o F). The annual temperature range is large. Precipitation: The region is dry, with less than 25 cm (10 inches) of precipitation annually; most precipitation occurs during the summer.

microclimates

When climate conditions in a small area are different from those of the surroundings, the climate of the small area is called a microclimate. The microclimate of a valley may be cool relative to its surroundings since cold air sinks. The ground surface may be hotter or colder than the air a few feet above it, because rock and soil gain and lose heat readily. Different sides of a mountain will have different microclimates. In the Northern Hemisphere, a south-facing slope receives more solar energy than a north-facing slope, so each side supports different amounts and types of vegetation. Altitude mimics latitude in climate zones. Climates and biomes typical of higher latitudes may be found in other areas of the world at high altitudes. Click image to the left or use the URL below. URL:

classification

Climate zones are classified by the Kppen classification system. This system is based on the temperature, the amount of precipitation, and the times of year when precipitation occurs. Since climate determines the type of vegetation that grows in an area, vegetation is used as an indicator of climate type.

climate zones and biomes

The major factors that influence climate determine the different climate zones. In general, the same type of climate zone will be found at similar latitudes and in similar positions on nearly all continents, both in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The exceptions to this pattern are the climate zones called the continental climates, which are not found at higher latitudes in the Southern Hemisphere. This is because the Southern Hemisphere land masses are not wide enough to produce a continental climate.

tropical moist climates

Tropical moist climates are found in a band about 15o to 25o N and S of the Equator (Figure 1.1). Temperature: Intense sunshine. Each month has an average temperature of at least 18o C (64o F). Rainfall: Abundant, at least 150 cm (59 inches) per year. The main vegetation for this climate is the tropical rainforest.

dry climates

Dry climates have less precipitation than evaporation. Temperature: Abundant sunshine. Summer temperatures are high; winters are cooler and longer than in tropical moist climates. Rainfall: Irregular; several years of drought are often followed by a single year of abundant rainfall. Dry climates cover about 26% of the worlds land area. Low latitude deserts are found at the Ferrell cell high pressure zone. Higher latitude deserts occur within continents or in rainshadows. Vegetation is sparse but well adapted to the dry conditions.

instructional diagrams

description_image

The diagram shows a biome pyramid. It consists of four regions: Arctic region, Subarctic region, Temperate region and Tropical region. The Arctic region consists of Tundra. The Subarctic region consists of Boreal forest. The Temperate region consists of Temperate forest, Grassland, Chapparal, and Desert. The Tropical region consists of Tropical forest, Grassland, and Desert. The temperature and the dryness of a place decide its region. As the temperature increases, there is a change in the different regions. The hottest and driest region is the Desert. The coldest and the driest region is the Tundra. The coldest and the least dry region is the Tropical forest.

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This is a map showing ten different biomes and where they can be found in on a world map. A biome is a group of similar ecosystems with the same general abiotic factors and primary producers. The oceans on the map are all classified as marine biomes, while the rivers and lakes are freshwater biomes. The northernmost parts of North America, Europe, and Asia are ice, tundra, and taiga biomes. The central parts of North America, Europe, and Asia are classified as grassland and temperate forest. The southern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, as well as the northern parts of Africa, are classified as savana, desert, and temperate forest. South America and the south eastern part of Africa are classified as tropical rainforest, desert, and savana. Australia is made up mostly of desert and grassland. Antarctica is entirely iced.

description_image

This is a map showing where different biomes are found around the world. A biome can be defined a group of similar ecosystems with sharing abiotic factors and primary producers. In this map we can see bands of color stretching East to West, showing how similar latitudes often share similar biomes. Near the equator we see deserts and rainforests. In the North we see tundra and taiga. Most of central Europe is temperate broadleaf forest. In USA we see mostly temperate forest in the East, temperate steppe in the middle, and in the West there is a lot of montane forest as well as arid desert.

questions

climate zones are

-->  a) the same at similar latitudes, in similar positions on nearly all continents.

b) the same across the northern hemisphere but not the southern hemisphere.

c) different even at similar latitudes and in similar positions.

d) random.

biomes are made up of ___.

a) climate type

b) plants

c) animals

-->  d) all of the above

climate zones are classified by

a) the type of vegetation that occurs.

b) a climate type and its plants and animals.

-->  c) temperature, amount of precipitation, and time of year of precipitation.

d) none of the above.

plants that live in the same biome, but on different continents, share the same characteristics.

-->  a) true

b) false

dry climates

a) are arid, but they still have more precipitation than evaporation.

b) have little rainfall, but what comes falls regularly throughout the year.

c) have hot summers and extremely warm winters.

-->  d) are located at around 30o n where air descends in the global circulation cells.

the moist subtropical mid-latitude climate zones are found along the coastal areas in the united states.

-->  a) true

b) false

most precipitation in the polar climates occurs in the summer.

-->  a) true

b) false

microclimates have

a) the same climates as the surrounding region

-->  b) a different climates than the surrounding region

c) a more extreme climate than the surrounding region

d) none of the above

which of the following is not a characteristic of continental climates?

a) winters are cold and stormy.

b) summers are hot.

-->  c) they are found at 40on to 70on and 40os to 70os.

d) the average annual temperature is fairly mild.

diagram questions

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Which biome is both very cold and very dry?

a. Savanna

-->  b. Tundra

c. Desert

d. Taiga

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Identify the type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons.

a. Temperate grassland

b. Taiga

c. Savanna

-->  d. Tundra

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In what level is the Savanna?

a. Artic

b. Temperate

c. Subartic

-->  d. Tropical

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When is hot, what happens when the temperature decreases?

-->  a. Gets cold

b. Gets hotter

c. Gets wet

d. Gets dry

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What biome is hot and wet?

a. Temperate forest

b. Tundra

-->  c. Rain forest

d. Desert

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Which biome is colder than the Taiga?

a. Savanna

-->  b. Tundra

c. Temperate forest

d. Desert

question_image

How many biomes are seen in this diagram?

a. 4

b. 9

-->  c. 8

d. 7

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What biome occurs if it is very hot and dry?

a. Tundra

b. Rain forest

c. Taiga

-->  d. Desert

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Which biome here is the coldest?

-->  a. Arctic

b. Temperate

c. Subartic

d. Tropical

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Which is the type of ecosystem found in the majority of Portugal's region?

-->  a. Chaparral

b. Tundra

c. Temperate grassland

d. Temperate forest

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What Biome can be found in the United Kingdom?

-->  a. Temperate forest

b. Chaparral

c. Temperate grassland

d. Tropical Forest

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Places near the equator mostly have what type of biome?

-->  a. Tropical

b. Temperate grassland

c. Chaparral

d. Taiga

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How many areas of temperate grasslands are there in the planet?

a. 3

b. 8

c. 10

-->  d. 6

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How many types of biomes are shown in the diagram?

a. 9

b. 8

-->  c. 10

d. 11

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Canada contains tundra and which biome?

a. Savanna

b. Polar Ice

c. Desert

-->  d. Taiga

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Which biome is represented by the color yellow?

a. Chaparral

b. Tropical Rainforest

-->  c. Desert

d. Tundra

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What does the orange represent?

-->  a. Savanna

b. Alpine

c. Desert

d. Grasslands

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How many continents are shown in the diagram?

-->  a. 7

b. 4

c. 5

d. 3

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How many regions are depicted?

a. 11

b. 12

c. 10

-->  d. 9

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What biome is the center of Australia?

a. Tundra

-->  b. Desert

c. Tropical Savanna

d. Grassland

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What is the biome in Central Australia?

a. Taiga

-->  b. Desert

c. Tropical Seasonal

d. Tropical Rainforest

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How many areas of the map are classified as a tundra?

-->  a. 2

b. 3

c. 4

d. 1

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How many colors are used in the picture?

a. 8

b. 7

c. 6

-->  d. 9

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Which biome is represented by the color yellow?

a. Dry steppe

b. Monsoon forest

c. Arid desert

-->  d. Temperate steppe

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What biome covers the majority of Russia?

a. Subtropical Rainforest

-->  b. Taiga

c. Xeric Shrubland

d. Temperate Broadleafs Forest

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What biome is located north of taiga?

-->  a. Tundra

b. Temperate steppe

c. Desert

d. Tropical rainforest

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How many biomes are there in our planet?

a. 16

b. 17

c. 15

-->  d. 18

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How many types of savanna are there?

a. 1

b. 3

c. 4

-->  d. 2

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What is the biome in New York?

-->  a. Temperate Broadleaf

b. Desert

c. Grassland

d. Temperate Rainforest

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What environment does the color yellow represent?

a. Tundra

b. Grassland

c. Tropical Rainforest

-->  d. Desert

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What does the yellow represent?

a. Tropical rainforest

b. Tundra

c. Gresslands

-->  d. Desert

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What type of terrestrial biome does the area adjacent to Florida have?

a. Tropical Rainforest

b. Tropical Savanna

-->  c. Temperate Broadleaf

d. Tundra

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How many climates are there in the world?

-->  a. 10

b. 9

c. 8

d. 7

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Identify the major biome type present in Great Britain.

a. Desert

b. Polar Ice

c. Taiga

-->  d. Temperate Deciduous Forest

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In which cardinal direction is taiga typically found?

a. in the West

-->  b. In the North

c. In the South

d. in the East

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Which biome is located directly south of the tundra in North America?

a. Desert

b. Temperate grassland

c. Tropical deciduous forest

-->  d. Taiga

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Which of the following biomes can be found in the Northernmost parts of the globe?

-->  a. Tundra

b. Savanna

c. Taiga

d. Mountain Zone

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How many types of forest terrestrial biomes are there?

-->  a. 5

b. 9

c. 7

d. 4

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On how many continents does tropical rainforest appear?

a. 1

b. 2

c. 4

-->  d. 3

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What type of forest is found in subarctic regions?

a. Temperate forest

-->  b. Boreal forest

c. Tropical forest

d. Grassland

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Which type of environment is most hot and most wet?

a. Chaparral

-->  b. Tropical Forest

c. Grassland

d. Boreal Forest

question_image

How many regions are shown in the diagram?

a. 2

-->  b. 4

c. 1

d. 3

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How many types of forest are shown in the diagram?

a. 2

b. 1

c. 4

-->  d. 3

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What type of biome would a boreal forest become if it experienced heavy rainfall and increased temperatures?

a. Grassland

b. Desert

c. Tundra

-->  d. Temperate Forest

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Which biome is represented by the color red?

a. Arid rainforest

b. Tundra

c. Tropical savannah

-->  d. Tropical rainforest

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What does red represent?

a. arctic and alpine ice

-->  b. tropical rainforest

c. boreal forests

d. tundra

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Which of the following biomes is mostly located near the equator?

a. Midlatitude Deciduous Forest

b. Tundra

-->  c. Tropical Rainforest

d. Boreal Forest

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How many biomes are displayed in the diagram?

a. 14

b. 13

-->  c. 12

d. 10

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How many types of environments are shown on this map?

a. 9

b. 11

-->  c. 12

d. 5

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What is the maximum area between 0 degree and 30 degree called?

a. Boreal

-->  b. Tropical Savanna

c. Rainforest

d. Arctic

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What is the primary terrestrial biome of India?

a. Midlatitude Grassland

-->  b. Tropical Deciduous Forest and Scrub

c. Tropical Rainforest

d. Boreal Forest

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What is the coldest Biome?

a. coniferous forest

b. rainforest

c. desert

-->  d. Tundra

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Which biome is colder than the subpolar biome?

-->  a. polar region

b. rainforest

c. tropical

d. temperate

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Which region has the most diverse types of biomes?

a. Subpolar

-->  b. Tropical

c. Polar

d. Temperate

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How many layers are shown in the diagram?

a. 6

-->  b. 4

c. 2

d. 3

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How many types of forest are shown in the diagram?

-->  a. 4

b. 3

c. 2

d. 1

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Which biome is the hottest?

-->  a. Tropical

b. Polar Region

c. Temperate

d. Subpolar

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Which environment is represented by the color red?

-->  a. Chaparral

b. Tropical Rainforest

c. Tundra

d. Savannah

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What is the most prominent Biome in Equator?

a. Savanna

b. Tundra

c. Chaparral

-->  d. Tropical Forest

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What type of biome does not exist at the equator?

a. High Mountains

b. Savanna

-->  c. Temperate Grassland

d. Tropical Forest

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How many tropic of lines flows through earth?

a. 1

b. 3

-->  c. 2

d. 4

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How many zones are depicted in the diagram?

a. 8

-->  b. 10

c. 9

d. 7

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How many biomes there are in the diagram below?

a. 9

b. 8

-->  c. 10

d. 12

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Which biome is represented by the color red?

a. Chaparral

b. Mountains

-->  c. Tundra

d. Desert

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Where are tropical forests mostly located?

-->  a. Near the equator

b. In the southern hemisphere

c. In the northern hemisphere

d. Near the poles

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Which type of biome cannot be found in South America?

a. Mountains

b. Temperate Forest

c. Tropical Forest

-->  d. Polar Ice

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How many climates are there in our planet?

a. 7

-->  b. 10

c. 8

d. 9

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On how many continents does a tundra environment appear?

-->  a. 2

b. 4

c. 3

d. 1

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What is the primary Biome of Greenland?

a. Tropical Forest

b. Chaparral

-->  c. Polar Ice

d. Savanna

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What is the major biome of Russia?

a. Mediterranean

b. Grassland

-->  c. Forest

d. Tundra

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Which major biome is represented by the color orange?

a. Tundra

b. Forest

-->  c. Grassland

d. Desert

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What type of biome covers most of Russia?

-->  a. Forest

b. Tundra

c. Desert

d. Mountain

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Which biome covers the largest area?

a. grassland

-->  b. forest

c. desert

d. polar

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How many major biomes a represented?

-->  a. 7

b. 5

c. 6

d. 8

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How many polar biomes can be seen on the map?

-->  a. 1

b. 7

c. 2

d. 3

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From the diagram, which biome has the largest surface area?

-->  a. Forest

b. Polar

c. Desert

d. Tundra