energy use

oil use by nation

People in the U.S. use far more energyespecially energy from oilthan people in any other nation. The bar graph in the Figure 1.2 compares the amount of oil used by the top ten oil-using nations. The U.S. uses more oil than several other top-ten countries combined. If you also consider the population size in these countries, the differences are even more stunning. The average person in the U.S. uses a whopping 23 barrels of oil a year! In comparison, the average person in India or China uses just 1 or 2 barrels of oil a year. Q: How does the use of oil and other fossil fuels relate to pollution? A: Greater use of oil and other fossil fuels causes more pollution.

textbook_image

textbook_image

use of energy resources

Look at the circle graph in the Figure 1.1. It shows that oil is the single most commonly used energy resource in the U.S., followed by natural gas, and then by coal. All of these energy resources are nonrenewable. Nonrenewable resources are resources that are limited in supply and cannot be replaced as quickly as they are used up. Renewable resources, in contrast, provide only 8 percent of all energy used in the U.S. Renewable resources are natural resources that can be replaced in a relatively short period of time or are virtually limitless in supply. They include solar energy from sunlight, geothermal energy from under Earths surface, wind, biomass (from once-living things or their wastes), and hydropower (from running water).

instructional diagrams

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questions

the most commonly used energy resource in the u.s. is

-->  a) oil.

b) coal.

c) natural gas.

d) none of the above

all of the energy resources listed in question 1 are nonrenewable resources.

-->  a. true

b. false

examples of renewable energy resources include

a) wind energy.

b) solar energy.

c) biomass energy.

-->  d) all of the above

in the u.s., the most commonly used renewable energy resource is solar energy.

a. true

-->  b. false

people in the u.s. use far more energy per person than people in any other country.

-->  a. true

b. false

the worlds top five oil-consuming nations include all of the following except

a) india.

b) japan.

-->  c) canada.

d) china.

diagram questions

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