infancy and childhood

infancy and childhood

The first year after birth is called infancy. Infancy is a period when the baby grows very fast. During infancy, the baby doubles in length and triples in weight. Other important changes also happen during infancy: The babys teeth start to come in, usually at about six months of age ( Figure 1.1). The baby starts smiling, paying attention to other people, and grabbing toys. The baby begins making babbling sounds. By the end of the first year, the baby is starting to say a few words, such as mama and dada. The baby learns to sit, crawl, and stand. By the end of the first year, the baby may be starting to walk. Childhood begins after the babys first birthday and continues until the teen years. Between one and three years of age, a child is called a toddler. During the toddler stage, growth is still fast, but not as fast as it was during infancy. A toddler learns many new words. The child even starts putting together words in simple sentences. Motor skills also develop quickly during this stage. By age three, most children can run and climb steps. They can hold crayons and scribble with them. They can also feed themselves and use the toilet. From age three until the teens, growth is slower. The body also changes shape. The arms and legs get longer compared to the trunk. Children continue to develop new motor skills. For example, many young children learn how to ride a tricycle and then a bicycle. Most also learn how to play games and sports ( Figure 1.2). By age six, children start losing their baby teeth. Their permanent teeth begin coming in to replace them. They also start school and learn how to read and write. They develop friendships and become less dependent on their parents.


early childhood development

There are numerous milestones that occur during the first few years of childhood. These include the use of language, walking and running, understanding simple concepts, pretend play, the development of fine motor skills, the development of independence, Children develop better motor skills as they get older. having temper tantrums, demonstrating separation anxiety, becoming fully potty-trained, showing natural curiosity.


instructional diagrams

No diagram descriptions associated with this lesson


babies grow fastest during the first year of life.

-->  a. true

b. false

a baby must be able to walk to be a toddler.

a. true

-->  b. false

during infancy, a baby

a) doubles in weight and triples in length.

b) doubles in height and triples in length.

-->  c) doubles in length and triples in weight.

d) gains 10 pounds and 10 inches.

many baby teeth start to come in at about

a) 4 months.

-->  b) 6 months.

c) 8 months.

d) 10 months.

the best toy for an infant is one that the baby

a) can play with like a doll.

b) can catch like a ball.

-->  c) can put in its mouth.

d) all of the above

when do many babies begin to walk?

a) by 6 months of age

b) by 9 months of age

-->  c) by 12 months of age

d) by 18 months of age

many young children repeatedly ask why? this is an example of

a) understanding simple concepts.

-->  b) their natural curiosity.

c) a fine motor skill.

d) pretend play.

diagram questions

No diagram questions associated with this lesson