non infectious reproductive system disorders

other reproductive system disorders

Many disorders of the reproductive system are not sexually transmitted infections. They are not caused by pathogens, so they dont spread from person to person. They develop for other reasons. The disorders are different between males and females. In both genders, the disorders could cause a little discomfort, or they could cause death.

disorders in females

Disorders of the female reproductive system may affect the vagina, uterus, or ovaries. They may also affect the breasts. One of the most common disorders is vaginitis. This is redness and itching of the vagina. It may be due to irritation by soap or bubble bath. Another possible cause of vaginitis is a yeast infection. Yeast normally grow in the vagina. A yeast infection happens when the yeast multiply too fast and cause symptoms. A yeast infection can be treated with medication. Bubble baths may be fun, but for women and girls they can cause irritation to the vagina. A common disorder of the ovaries is an ovarian cyst. A cyst is a sac filled with fluid or other material. An ovarian cyst is usually harmless, but it may cause pain. Most cysts slowly disappear and do not need treatment. Very large or painful cysts can be removed with surgery. Many teen girls have painful menstrual periods. They typically have cramping in the lower abdomen. Generally, this is nothing to worry about. Taking a warm bath or using a heating pad often helps. Exercise can help as well. A pain reliever like ibuprofen may also work. If the pain is severe, a doctor can prescribe stronger medicine to relieve the pain. The most common type of cancer in females is breast cancer. The cancer causes the cells of the breast to grow out of control and form a tumor. Breast cancer is rare in teens. It becomes more common as women get older. If breast cancer is found early, it usually can be cured with surgery.

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disorders in males

Most common disorders of the male reproductive system involve the testes. For example, injuries to the testes are very common. In teenagers, injuries to the testes most often occur while playing sports. An injury such as a strike or kick to the testes can be very painful. It may also cause bruising and swelling. Such injuries do not usually last very long. Another disorder of the testes is cancer. Cancer of the testes is most common in males aged 15 to 35. It occurs when cells in the testes grow out of control. The cells form a lump called a tumor. If found early, cancer of the testes usually can be easily cured with surgery.

instructional diagrams

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questions

all reproductive system disorders are caused by pathogens.

a. true

-->  b. false

injuries to the testes most often occur while playing sports.

-->  a. true

b. false

this is one of the most common disorders in females.

-->  a) vaginitis

b) yeast infection

c) ovarian cyst

d) breast cancer

cancer of the testes is most common in males aged

a) 20 to 35.

b) 15 to 30.

-->  c) 15 to 35.

d) 25 to 50.

painful menstrual periods can be eased with

a) a warm bath or heating pad.

b) exercise.

c) pain relievers.

-->  d) all of the above

these disorders are serious and usually require surgery.

a) large ovarian cysts

b) breast cancer

c) severe yeast infections

-->  d) both (a) and (b)

disorders like vaginitis and ovarian cysts are passed from person to person through

a) the blood.

b) sexual contact.

c) both of the above

-->  d) they cannot be passed from person to person.

diagram questions

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