physical properties of matter

what are physical properties

Physical properties of matter are properties that can be measured or observed without matter changing to an entirely different substance. Physical properties are typically things you can detect with your senses. For example, they may be things that you can see, hear, smell, or feel. Q: What differences between snow and sand can you detect with your senses? A: You can see that snow and sand have a different color. You can also feel that snow is softer than sand. Both color and hardness are physical properties of matter.

additional physical properties

In addition to these properties, other physical properties of matter include the state of matter. States of matter include liquid, solid, and gaseous states. For example at 20 C, coal exists as a solid and water exists as a liquid. Additional examples of physical properties include: odor boiling point ability to conduct heat ability to conduct electricity ability to dissolve in other substances Some of these properties are illustrated in the Figures 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4. Click image to the left or use the URL below. URL: The strong smell of swimming pool water is the odor of chlorine, which is added to the water to kill germs and algae. In con- trast, bottled spring water, which contains no chlorine, does not have an odor. Coolant is added to the water in a car radiator to keep the water from boiling and evaporating. Coolant has a higher boiling point than water and adding it to the water increases the boiling point of the solution. Q: The coolant that is added to a car radiator also has a lower freezing point than water. Why is this physical property useful? A: When coolant is added to water in a car radiator, it lowers the freezing point of the water. This prevents the water in the radiator from freezing when the temperature drops below 0 C, which is the freezing point of pure water. Q: Besides being able to conduct electricity, what other physical property of copper makes it well suited for electric wires? A: Copper, like other metals, is ductile. This means that it can be rolled and stretched into long thin shapes such as wires. This teakettle is made of aluminum except for its handle, which is made of plastic. Aluminum is a good conductor of heat. It conducts heat from the flames on the range to the water inside the kettle, so the water heats quickly. Plastic, on the other hand, is not a good conductor of heat. It stays cool enough to touch even when the rest of the teakettle becomes very hot.

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instructional diagrams

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questions

physical properties of matter are properties that can be measured or observed without matter changing to an entirely different substance.

-->  a. true

b. false

melting point is an example of a physical property of matter.

-->  a. true

b. false

which of the following abilities is not a physical property of matter?

a) ability to conduct heat

b) ability to conduct electricity

c) ability to dissolve in other substances

-->  d) ability to react chemically with other substances

the color of an object is a physical property.

-->  a. true

b. false

physical properties include

a) boiling point.

b) freezing point.

c) flammability.

-->  d) two of the above

diagram questions

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