introducing thermal radiation
The bonfire from the opening image has a lot of thermal energy. Thermal energy is the total kinetic energy of moving particles of matter, and the transfer of thermal energy is called heat. Thermal energy from the bonfire is transferred to the hands by thermal radiation. Thermal radiation is the transfer of thermal energy by waves that can travel through air or even through empty space, as shown in the Figure 1.1. When the waves of thermal energy reach objects, they transfer the energy to the objects, causing them to warm up. This is how the fire warms the hands of someone sitting near the bonfire. This is also how the suns energy reaches Earth and heats its surface. Without the energy radiated from the sun, Earth would be too cold to support life as we know it. Thermal radiation is one of three ways that thermal energy can be transferred. The other two ways are conduction and convection, both of which need matter to transfer energy. Radiation is the only way of transferring thermal energy that doesnt require matter.
sources of thermal radiation
You might be surprised to learn that everything radiates thermal energy, not just really hot things such as the sun or a fire. For example, when its cold outside, a heated home radiates some of its thermal energy into the outdoor environment. A home that is poorly insulated radiates more energy than a home that is well insulated. Special cameras can be used to detect radiated heat. In the Figure 1.2, you can see an image created by one of these cameras. The areas that are yellow are the areas where the greatest amount of thermal energy is radiating from the home. Even people radiate thermal energy. In fact, when a room is full of people, it may feel noticeably warmer because of all the thermal energy the people radiate! Q: Where is thermal radiation radiating from the home in the picture? A: The greatest amount of thermal energy is radiating from the window on the upper left. A lot of thermal energy is also radiating from the edges of the windows and door.
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thermal energy is the total kinetic energy of moving particles of matter.
--> a. true b. false
examples of thermal radiation include thermal energy traveling through
a) the air from a campfire to you. b) empty space from the sun to earth. c) a metal pan to water inside the pan. --> d) two of the above
no matter is required to transfer thermal energy by
a) conduction. b) convection. --> c) radiation. d) two of the above
only very hot objects radiate thermal energy.
a. true --> b. false
life on earth depends on thermal energy radiated from the sun.
--> a. true b. false
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