transition metals

properties of transition metals

Transition metals are superior conductors of heat as well as electricity. They are malleable, which means they can be shaped into sheets, and ductile, which means they can be shaped into wires. They have high melting and boiling points, and all are solids at room temperature, except for mercury (Hg), which is a liquid. Transition metals are also high in density and very hard. Most of them are white or silvery in color, and they are generally lustrous, or shiny. The compounds that transition metals form with other elements are often very colorful. You can see several examples in the Figure 1.2. Some properties of transition metals set them apart from other metals. Compared with the alkali metals in group 1 and the alkaline Earth metals in group 2, the transition metals are much less reactive. They dont react quickly with water or oxygen, which explains why they resist corrosion. Q: How is the number of valence electrons typically related to the properties of elements? A: The number of valence electrons usually determines how reactive elements are as well as the ways in which they react with other elements.

textbook_image

textbook_image

what are transition metals

Transition metals are all the elements in groups 3-12 of the periodic table. In the periodic table pictured in Figure known elements. In addition to copper (Cu), well known examples of transition metals include iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), silver (Ag), and gold (Au) (Copper (Cu) is pictured in its various applications in the opening image). Q: Transition metals have been called the most typical of all metals. What do you think this means? A: Unlike some other metals, transition metals have the properties that define the metals class. They are excellent conductors of electricity, for example, and they also have luster, malleability, and ductility. You can read more about these properties of transition metals below.

those elements down under

Transition metals include the elements that are most often placed below the periodic table (the pink- and purple- shaded elements in the Figure 1.1). Those that follow lanthanum (La) are called lanthanides. They are all relatively reactive for transition metals. Those that follow actinium (Ac) are called actinides. They are all radioactive. This means that they are unstable, so they decay into different, more stable elements. Many of the actinides do not occur in nature but are made in laboratories.

instructional diagrams

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questions

of all known elements, transition metals make up about

a) 80 percent.

-->  b) 60 percent.

c) 40 percent.

d) 20 percent.

transition metals include

a) aluminum.

b) barium.

-->  c) cobalt.

d) all of the above

which of the following is not a property of most transition metals?

a) malleability

b) ability to conduct electricity

c) ability to conduct heat

-->  d) low melting point

transition metals are high in density and very hard.

-->  a. true

b. false

most transition metals are dull and brown in color.

a. true

-->  b. false

diagram questions

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