urinary system

what is urine

Urine is a liquid that is formed by the kidneys when they filter wastes from the blood. Urine contains mostly water, but it also contains salts and nitrogen-containing molecules. The amount of urine released from the body depends on many things. Some of these include the amount of fluid and food a person consumes and how much fluid they have lost from sweating and breathing. Urine ranges from colorless to dark yellow but is usually a pale yellow color. Light yellow urine contains mostly water. The darker the urine, the less water it contains. The urinary system also removes a type of waste called urea from your blood. Urea is a nitrogen-containing molecule that is made when foods containing protein, such as meat, poultry, and certain vegetables, are broken down in the body. Urea and other wastes are carried in the bloodstream to the kidneys, where they are removed and form urine.

organs of the urinary system

  1. As you can see above ( Figure 1.1), the kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. Kidneys filter and clean the blood and form urine. They are about the size of your fists and are found near the middle of the back, just below your ribcage. 2. Ureters are tube-shaped and bring urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. 3. The urinary bladder is a hollow and muscular organ. It is shaped a little like a balloon. It is the organ that collects urine. 4. Urine leaves the body through the urethra. The kidneys filter the blood that passes through them, and the urinary bladder stores the urine until it is released from the body.

textbook_image

the urinary system

Sometimes, the urinary system ( Figure 1.1) is called the excretory system. But the urinary system is only one part of the excretory system. Recall that the excretory system is also made up of the skin, lungs, and large intestine, as well as the kidneys. The urinary system is the organ system that makes, stores, and gets rid of urine.

instructional diagrams

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questions

the urinary system is the same as the excretory system.

a. true

-->  b. false

urine is mostly water.

-->  a. true

b. false

what brings urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder?

a) the urine tubes

-->  b) the ureters

c) the urethra

d) the kidney tubes

what is the organ that collects urine?

a) the kidneys

b) the ureters

-->  c) the urinary bladder

d) the urinary container

urine leaves the body through the

a) ureter.

b) bladder.

-->  c) urethra.

d) kidneys.

which organ is not part of the urinary system?

a) the kidney

-->  b) the ribcage

c) the urethra

d) the bladder

which organ is not part of the excretory system?

a) the kidney

b) the lungs

-->  c) the heart

d) the large intestine

diagram questions

No diagram questions associated with this lesson