4th Grade Examples Pt. 1

A click on the glass of water produces the sound of water running.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (A click on the glass of water; produces; the sound of water running)

A computer microscope zooms in for a look at the most complex object in mathematics.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (A computer microscope; zooms in; for a look at the most complex object in mathematics)

A condensation process turns this vapor into a liquid form of water and essential oil.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (A condensation process; turns; this vapor)

Add measured curing salt to spice mixture you set aside.

Confidence Tuple
0.79 (spice mixture; set; aside)

A different definition of life-cycle costing is used here.

Confidence Tuple
0.85 (A different definition of life-cycle costing; is used; L:here)

Adult females will lay eggs.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Adult females; will lay; eggs)

A few people bring living trees in their home to plant after the holidays.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (A few people; bring; living trees; L:in their home)

A food thermometer is a good tool to have in your kitchen.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (A food thermometer; is; a good tool to have in your kitchen)

After being released from the magma chamber and cooling, lava hardens into rock .

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (lava; hardens; into rock; T:After being released from the magma chamber and cooling)

A generator converts mechanical energy to electric energy, while a motor converts electric energy to mechanical energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (A generator; converts; mechanical energy; to electric energy)
0.90 (a motor; converts; electric energy; to mechanical energy)

A glacier is a large body of ice and snow.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (A glacier; is; a large body of ice and snow)

A good supply of iron and zinc is needed in the diet to keep the nails strong.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (A good supply of iron and zinc; is needed; L:in the diet; to keep the nails strong)

Agriculture and aquaculture are dependent upon parasitologists to assist in providing plant and animal food for an increasing human population.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Agriculture and aquaculture; are; dependent upon parasitologists to assist in providing plant and animal food for an increasing human population)
0.93 (Agriculture and aquaculture; to assist; in providing plant and animal food for an increasing human population)
0.89 (Agriculture and aquaculture; are dependent upon; parasitologists)

A heat pump makes use of the existing heat in the air by simply transferring it from one place to another.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (A heat pump; makes; use of the existing heat in the air)

Air pollution, deforestation, and widespread burning of coal, oil, and natural gas have increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons.

Confidence Tuple
0.98 (Air pollution, deforestation, and widespread burning of coal, oil, and natural gas; have increased; atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and chlorofluorocarbons)

All of our dogs prefer this to tinned or dried dog food, and it is much cheaper.

Confidence Tuple
0.68 (All of our dogs; prefer; this; to tinned or dried dog food)
0.28 (it; is; much cheaper)

All of this is achieved while keeping the electricity away from the water.

Confidence Tuple
0.59 (All of this; is achieved; T:while keeping the electricity away from the water)

Also, if cold water is drank during physical exercise has the dual effect of also cooling the internal body temperature along with sweat produced by exercise.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (cold water; is drank; T:during physical exercise)
0.89 (sweat; produced; by exercise)

Also, sometimes apple and other fruit trees get into a cycle where they bloom better every other year.

Confidence Tuple
0.97 (apple and other fruit trees; get; into a cycle; T:sometimes)
0.74 (they; bloom better; T:every other year; L:a cycle)

Also they eat aquatic animals, roots, plants and waste grain.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (they; eat; aquatic animals, roots, plants and waste grain)

A luminous glow fills the evening sky as the sun softly sets on the horizon.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (A luminous glow; fills; the evening sky; T:as the sun softly sets on the horizon)
0.90 (the sun; softly sets; on the horizon)

Among the ways such molecules are produced is the decomposition of dead microorganisms.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (such molecules; are produced; )
0.92 (Among the ways; is; the decomposition of dead microorganisms)

Ampere showed that current flowing in a wire coil produced a magnetic field, which established a connection between magnetism and electricity.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (a magnetic field; established; a connection between magnetism and electricity)
0.84 (Ampere; showed; that current flowing in a wire coil produced a magnetic field)
0.95 Context(Ampere showed,List([0, 13))):(current flowing in a wire coil; produced; a magnetic field, which established a connection between magnetism and electricity)

And most significantly, they were alarmed to learn that there was no organization dedicated to finding a cure for this disease.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (no organization; dedicated; to finding a cure for this disease)
0.18 (they; to learn; that there was no organization)

And since far fewer resources are needed to produce vegetables than meat, eating lower on the food chain reduces costs.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (far fewer resources; are needed; )
0.90 (far fewer resources; to produce; vegetables than meat)

An ecosystem receives inputs of solar energy, nutrients, water, and gases and discharges heat, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and organic compounds.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (An ecosystem; receives; inputs of solar energy, nutrients, water, and gases and discharges heat, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and organic compounds)

An erasing pencil eraser is used to clear a form.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (An erasing pencil eraser; is used; to clear a form)
0.91 (An erasing pencil eraser; to clear; a form)

Animals release carbon dioxide from breathing which is what the plants need to make the oxygen.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Animals; release; carbon dioxide from breathing which is what the plants need)
0.91 (carbon dioxide from breathing; is; what the plants need to make the oxygen)
0.88 Context(carbon dioxide from breathing is,List([16, 54))):(the plants; need; to make the oxygen)
0.88 Context(carbon dioxide from breathing is the plants need,List([16, 75))):(the plants; need to make; the oxygen)

Animals that ate these oil-filled animals also died.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (Animals; ate; these oil-filled animals)
0.83 (Animals that ate these oil-filled animals; also died; )

An increase in prey leads to an increase in predators followed by a decrease in prey and over time a decrease in predator numbers in a given area as well.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (An increase in prey; leads; to an increase in predators)
0.77 (an increase in predators; followed; )

An object at rest tends to remain at rest and an object in motion tends to continue moving with constant velocity unless compelled by a net external force to act otherwise.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (An object at rest; tends; to remain at rest)
0.91 (An object at rest; to remain; at rest)
0.93 (An object at rest; tends; to continue moving with constant velocity)
0.94 (An object at rest; to continue; moving with constant velocity unless compelled by a net external force to act otherwise)

Another way of demonstrating the action of photosynthesis is in aquatic plants as they give off oxygen gas bubbles.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Another way of demonstrating the action of photosynthesis; is; in aquatic plants; T:as they give off oxygen gas bubbles)
0.62 (they; give off; oxygen gas bubbles)

Any wood material found to contain fungus infection shall be removed and replaced with new material.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (Any wood material; found; )
0.90 (Any wood material; to contain; fungus infection)
0.83 (Any wood material found to contain fungus infection; shall be removed; )
0.93 (Any wood material found to contain fungus infection; replaced; with new material)

A piece of string is 40 centimeters long.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (A piece of string; is; 40 centimeters long)

Apomixis is reproduction where only one parent passes genes to the offspring.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (Apomixis; is; reproduction where only one parent passes genes to the offspring)

As a matter of fact, they produce oxygen and use carbon dioxide in the photosynthesis process.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (they; produce; oxygen)
0.58 (they; use; carbon dioxide; L:in the photosynthesis process)

As an example, hydrogen gas and oxygen gas can be mixed and ignited to form a new chemical compound, water.

Confidence Tuple
0.81 (hydrogen gas and oxygen gas; can be; mixed)

As decomposers break down organic materials, they release the nutrients back to the soil to be used by the next generation of plants, and the cycle begins again.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (decomposers; break down; organic materials)
0.62 (they; release; the nutrients; L:back to the soil)
0.90 (the soil; to be used; by the next generation of plants)
0.77 (the cycle; begins; T:again)

As evening draws near, and the light beneath the trees grows yellower, and the air is full of filmy insects out for their last dance, the voice of the little river becomes louder and more distinct.

Confidence Tuple
0.80 (evening; draws; near)
0.85 (the light beneath the trees; grows; yellower)
0.93 (the air; is; full of filmy insects)
0.83 (the voice of the little river; becomes; louder and more distinct)

As examples, the change in circulation patterns affects the dispersion and the fate of pollutants or the rise in ocean water temperature results in bleaching effects on corals.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (the change in circulation patterns; affects; the dispersion and the fate of pollutants or the rise in ocean water temperature results in bleaching effects on corals)

As formations grow, water is forced to flow in different directions.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (formations; grow; )
0.94 (water; is forced; to flow in different directions; T:As formations grow)
0.88 (water; to flow; in different directions)

As glaciers formed, eroded, and deposited sediments, new valleys were formed and fed with water, while other waterways were abandoned.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (glaciers; formed; deposited sediments)
0.73 (other waterways; were abandoned; )
0.68 (glaciers; eroded; )
0.89 (new valleys; were formed; T:while other waterways were abandoned)
0.91 (new valleys; fed; with water)

A simple circuit generally involves a battery, or other source of electrons, wires through which the energy can flow, and the object that needs the energy to work, such as a light bulb.

Confidence Tuple
0.86 (A simple circuit; generally involves; a battery, or other source of electrons, wires through which the energy can flow, and the object that needs the energy to work, such as a light bulb)
0.73 (the energy; can flow; )
0.89 (the object; needs; the energy to work)

As is depicted here, the energy from sunlight is needed to start photosynthesis.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (the energy from sunlight; is needed; to start photosynthesis; T:As is depicted here)

As leaves absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, the human lung absorbs oxygen.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (leaves; absorb; carbon dioxide; from the atmosphere)
0.91 (the human lung; absorbs; oxygen)

A solar dryer uses a solar energy collector for heating the air.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (A solar dryer; uses; a solar energy collector; for heating the air)

As such, plants need animals.

Confidence Tuple
0.81 (plants; need; animals)

As the air cools the water vapor begins to condense and clouds form.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (the air; cools; )
0.94 (the water vapor; begins; T:As the air cools)
0.72 (the water vapor; to condense; )

As the human population increased, the heath hen population decreased, largely due to hunting.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (the human population; increased; )
0.94 (the heath hen population; decreased; largely due to hunting; T:As the human population increased)

As the last ice age gradually ended, the warming climate caused plants and animals, which had adapted to a cooler, wetter climate to migrate up the mountainsides.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (the last ice age; gradually ended; )
0.97 (the warming climate; caused; plants and animals, which had adapted to a cooler, wetter climate; T:As the last ice age gradually ended)
0.90 (plants and animals; had adapted; to a cooler, wetter climate)

As the plants establish, decrease watering frequency and increase the volume of each watering.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (the plants; establish; )

As the rock cools, minerals form.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (As the rock cools; form; minerals)

As the water seeped into the ground and the puddles dried, the snails died.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (the water; seeped; into the ground)
0.73 (the puddles; dried; )
0.96 (the snails; died; T:As the water seeped into the ground and the puddles dried)

As winter settles in, the year-round resident wild turkeys, ring-necked pheasants, cottontail rabbits, gray and red foxes, white-tailed deer, and coyotes can be seen more easily as they dart across the snow-covered landscape.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (winter; settles in; )
0.94 (the year-round resident; can be seen more easily; T:As winter settles in)
0.68 (they; dart; across the snow-covered landscape)

As you imagined yourself in the story, you used your senses to make observations.

Confidence Tuple
0.46 (you; imagined; yourself; L:in the story)
0.61 (you; used; your senses; to make observations; T:As you imagined yourself in the story)

At first, the leaf will float on the surface, and then begin to slowly sink as it absorbs water.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (the leaf; will float; L:on the surface; T:At first)
0.45 (it; absorbs; water)

At the lake, the ducks swim in the cool water.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (the ducks; swim; L:in the cool water; L:At the lake)

At the same time, new technologies are emerging, the food industry is becoming increasingly globalised, consumer eating habits are changing and the food chain is becoming increasingly complex.

Confidence Tuple
0.78 (the food industry; is becoming; increasingly globalised)
0.78 (the food chain; is becoming; increasingly complex)
0.71 (consumer eating habits; are changing; )
0.92 Context(consumer eating habits are changing,List([104, 139))):(new technologies; are emerging; T:At the same time)

Australian plants integrate with the eco-system in a way introduced plants cannot, from the role they play in providing shelter for birds, mammals and reptiles, and the cooperative role between plant as food source and bird or insect as pollinator, to the symbiotic and parasitic relationships with other plants and the microscopic flora in the soil.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Australian plants; integrate; with the eco-system in a way introduced plants)
0.86 (the role; play; L:in providing shelter for birds, mammals and reptiles)

A variety of changes in landscape such as destruction of verdure, drainage projects and reclamations affect the water regime and support negative influence of water and wind erosion and salting of soils.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (drainage projects and reclamations; affect; the water regime and support negative influence of water and wind erosion and salting of soils)

A wire moving in a magnetic field will induce electric current to flow through the wires.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (A wire; moving; L:in a magnetic field)
0.94 (A wire moving in a magnetic field; will induce; electric current)
0.90 (electric current; to flow; through the wires)

Barn owls have the remarkable ability to locate a mouse in absolute darkness.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Barn owls; have; the remarkable ability to locate a mouse in absolute darkness)

Bats have a good sense of smell that helps them find food and their roost.

Confidence Tuple
0.58 (Bats; have; a good sense of smell that helps them find food and their roost)
0.85 (a good sense of smell; helps; them find food and their roost)
0.31 Context(a good sense of smell helps,List([10, 42))):(them; find; food and their roost)

Batteries store electrical energy by converting it into chemical energy, which can be converted back into electrical energy when needed.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (chemical energy; can be converted; back; into electrical energy; T:when needed)
0.87 (Batteries; store; electrical energy)
0.78 Context(Batteries store,List([0, 15))):(Batteries; store electrical energy by converting; it; into chemical energy)

Battery-operated moon lights, or tap lights, as well as solar powered lighting, use no electrical energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.98 (Battery-operated moon lights, or tap lights, as well as solar powered lighting; use; no electrical energy)

Be aware that mountain weather changes quickly .

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (mountain weather; changes quickly; )

Because of our abilities to sing harmonies in tune, blend, groove and adapt our sound to different styles, we are often called to studio sessions of all kinds.

Confidence Tuple
0.49 (we; are called; to studio sessions of all kinds; T:often)

Because snow and ice reflect heat but water and land absorb heat, this causes the glacier to melt faster as more snow and ice is melted.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (snow and ice; reflect; heat but water and land)
0.77 (more snow and ice; is melted; )
0.32 (this; causes; the glacier to melt faster)
0.68 Context(this causes,List([66, 77))):(the glacier; to melt faster; )

Because soil and plant respiration are of approximately equal importance, the soil carbon dioxide flux is likely to depend on soil temperature, soil water content, and photosynthetic rate within the plant as well as substrates available for decomposition within the soil.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (soil and plant respiration; are; of approximately equal importance)
0.96 (the soil carbon dioxide flux; is; likely to depend on soil temperature, soil water content, and photosynthetic rate within the plant as well)
0.94 (the soil carbon dioxide flux; to depend as well; on soil temperature, soil water content, and photosynthetic rate)

Because the caterpillar and adult eat different kinds of food, this helps the butterflies to better survive.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (the caterpillar and adult; eat; different kinds of food)
0.39 (this; helps; the butterflies to better survive)
0.68 Context(this helps,List([63, 73))):(the butterflies; to better survive; )

Because these seasonal forests are more open to sunlight part of the year, the understories have denser plant growth.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (these seasonal forests; are; more open to sunlight part of the year)
0.90 (the understories; have; denser plant growth)

Because they are positive, the charges are repelled by other positive charges and flow toward negative charges.

Confidence Tuple
0.36 (they; are; positive)
0.90 (the charges; are repelled; by other positive charges)
0.91 (the charges; flow; toward negative charges)

Because we can identify which genes code for particular characteristics, and move these genes from one organism to another, we can produce a desirable combination of genes more quickly and easily by genetic modification than by breeding.

Confidence Tuple
0.41 (we; move; these genes; from one organism; to another)
0.31 (we; can produce more quickly; T:by genetic modification)
0.39 (we; can identify; which genes code for particular characteristics)

Besides this, these heavy vehicles pollute the environment and produce more noise than a few dozen cars.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (these heavy vehicles; pollute; the environment)
0.90 (these heavy vehicles; produce; more noise than a few dozen cars)

Bicycle type gear train is good because it is a proven form that people are used to and parts are light and readily available.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Bicycle type gear train; is; good; because it is a proven form)
0.39 (it; is; a proven form that people are used to and parts are light and readily available.)
0.71 (people; are used; )
0.61 (parts; are; light and readily available)

Biodiversity is the variety of all life forms - the different plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain, and the ecosystems they are part of.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Biodiversity; is; the variety of all life forms - the different plants, animals and micro-organisms, the genes they contain, and the ecosystems)
0.67 (they; contain; the genes they contain, and the ecosystems they are part of)
0.62 (they; are; part)

Breathing rate automatically increases to get rid of the carbon dioxide through the lungs.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Breathing rate; automatically increases; to get rid of the carbon dioxide through the lungs)
0.91 (Breathing rate; get; rid of the carbon dioxide through the lungs)

But another option for ball movement is pushing the ball.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (another option for ball movement; is pushing; the ball)

But having faith is a different matter.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (having faith; is; a different matter)

But once it begins to roll down the hill, its gravitational potential energy diminishes and its kinetic energy increases.

Confidence Tuple
0.19 (it; begins; )

But that this is the sole mode of action of water in volcanic eruptions is very questionable.

Confidence Tuple
0.57 (this; is; the sole mode of action of water in volcanic eruptions)
0.20 (this; is; very questionable)

Buy notebooks and folders made from recycled paper.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (notebooks and folders; made; from recycled paper)

By definition, an induction motor converts electrical energy to useful mechanical energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (an induction motor; converts; electrical energy; to useful mechanical energy)

By following the same line of reasoning we used to determine the relationship between the amount of force and the speed, we can determine the relationship between the amount of force and the radius.

Confidence Tuple
0.53 (we; to determine; the relationship between the amount of force and the speed)
0.57 (we; can determine; the relationship between the amount of force and the radius)

By growing these varieties in more sun, the green portion of the leaf can often produce the extra food needed for the plant to survive.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (the green portion of the leaf; can produce; the extra food needed for the plant; T:often)
0.91 (the extra food; needed; for the plant)

By manipulating wires, batteries, and light bulbs, they will build a series circuit and a parallel circuit.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (they; will build; a series circuit and a parallel circuit)

By studying a number of examples, students will review the causes and consequences of natural disasters, especially earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, tornados, and landslides.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (students; will review; the causes and consequences of natural disasters)

Calcium is the most common mineral in animals and is required for bones, teeth and milk production.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (the most common mineral in animals; is required; for bones, teeth and milk production)
Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Carbon dioxide production; is; a major concern; because of its link to global warming)

Carbon dioxide, reprenting the bulk of the greenhouse gases, is produced when fossil fuels are used to generate energy and forests are cut and burnt.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Carbon dioxide; reprenting; the bulk of the greenhouse gases)
0.75 (fossil fuels; burnt; )
0.94 (Carbon dioxide; is produced; T:when fossil fuels are used to generate energy and forests are cut and burnt)
0.90 (fossil fuels; are used; to generate energy and forests)
0.89 (fossil fuels; to generate; energy and forests)
0.70 (fossil fuels; are cut; )

Caterpillars use the thread to spin the cocoons in which they change into an adult moth.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (the cocoons; change; into an adult moth)
0.87 (Caterpillars; use; the thread; to spin the cocoons)
0.85 Context(Caterpillars use,List([0, 16))):(Caterpillars; use the thread to spin; the cocoons in which they change into an adult moth)

Cellular respiration takes electrons from our food and allows them to react with oxygen, producing carbon dioxide, water and energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.83 (Cellular respiration; takes; electrons; from our food)
0.85 (Cellular respiration; allows; them to react with oxygen, producing carbon dioxide, water and energy)
0.40 Context(Cellular respiration allows,List([0, 61))):(them; to react; with oxygen)
0.30 Context(Cellular respiration allows them to react,List([0, 75))):(them; to react with oxygen producing; carbon dioxide, water and energy)

Changes occur in living organisms that serve to increase their adaptability, for survival and reproduction, in changing environments.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Changes; occur; L:in living organisms)
0.84 (living organisms; serve; to increase their adaptability, for survival and reproduction, in changing environments)
0.77 Context(living organisms serve,List([17, 44))):(living organisms; serve to increase; their adaptability)

Children are able to learn concepts such as habitat, environment, adaptation, physical traits, and camouflage.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Children; are; able to learn concepts such as habitat, environment, adaptation, physical traits, and camouflage)
0.92 (Children; to learn; concepts such as habitat, environment, adaptation, physical traits, and camouflage)

Climate is summer and winter, it is months or even years during which global movements of hot and cold ocean waters and air masses go through cycles that can bring droughts or floods.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Climate; is; summer and winter)
0.64 (it; is; months or even years during which global movements of hot and cold ocean waters and air masses go through cycles)
0.98 (global movements of hot and cold ocean waters and air masses; go; through cycles; L:months or even years)
0.88 (cycles; can bring; droughts or floods)

Colder weather earlier in the month quickly changed to warm weather, causing leaves to change colors rapidly.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Colder weather earlier in the month; quickly changed; to warm weather; causing leaves to change colors rapidly)

Combine the salt and water, stirring until the salt dissolves.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (the salt; dissolves; )

Compost has all the nutrients that plants require, unlike chemical fertilizers.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Compost; has; all the nutrients that plants require, unlike chemical fertilizers)
0.94 (all the nutrients; require; plants)

Coral reefs are an extremely diverse marine ecosystem.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Coral reefs; are; an extremely diverse marine ecosystem)

Coral reefs are very complex ecosystems.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Coral reefs; are; very complex ecosystems)