4th Grade Examples Pt. 2

Created a few new plants to illustrate the use of the new flower and leaf structures.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (a few new plants; to illustrate; the use of the new flower and leaf structures)

Crystals form most quickly on metal components.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Crystals; form most quickly; L:on metal components)

Despite an increase in planting, production this season was constrained by an early cessation of rains, which affected cereal and beans crops.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (production this season; was constrained; by an early cessation of rains)
0.88 (rains; affected; cereal and beans crops)

Digestive enzyme supplements aid the digestive system to break down substances in foods that leads to gas and discomfort, which is a common complaint.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Digestive enzyme supplements; aid; the digestive system to break down substances in foods)
0.88 (foods; leads; to gas and discomfort)
0.92 (gas and discomfort; is; a common complaint)

Dingbat had to settle for the poison tipped throwing stars after tossing the honey and swarming wasp nest at the head dude.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Dingbat; to settle; for the poison)

Discuss some practical ways in which each of us can help to conserve natural resources.

Confidence Tuple
0.60 (each of us; can help; to conserve natural resources)
0.60 Context(each of us can help,List([37, 56))):(each of us; can help to conserve; natural resources)

Drinking water increases the volume of urine.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Drinking water; increases; the volume of urine)

Drop one heart-shaped tablet in warm water and watch it effervesce with fragrance that revives and relaxes.

Confidence Tuple
0.68 (fragrance; revives; )
0.68 (fragrance; relaxes; )

Each student is required to take complete notes in their lab notebook while performing the experiments, the notes must be signed by the instructor, and a carbon copy of the notes must be submitted before the student leaves the laboratory.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Each student; is required; to take complete notes in their lab notebook while performing the experiments)
0.90 (the student; leaves; the laboratory)
0.81 (Each student; to take; complete notes; L:in their lab notebook; T:while performing the experiments)
0.90 (the notes; must be signed; by the instructor)
0.93 (a carbon copy of the notes; must be submitted; T:before the student leaves the laboratory)

Earth does go through phases.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Earth; does go; through phases)

Ecosystem diversity is the variety of habitats and biotic communities on the earth.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Ecosystem diversity; is; the variety of habitats and biotic communities on the earth)

Electrical energy causes injury either by transformation of the electrical energy into heat, or by interference with cellular electrical activity in the heart or brain.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Electrical energy; causes; injury)

Energy from the sun is the driving force of an ecosystem.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Energy from the sun; is; the driving force of an ecosystem)

Energy from the sun reaches the earth by radiation only.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Energy from the sun; reaches; the earth)

Environmental education is also emphasized and students support and participate in the school-wide paper and aluminum can recycling program.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (Environmental education; is also emphasized; )
0.71 (students; support; )
0.88 (students; participate; in the school-wide paper and aluminum)

Even quite new ponds like this one rapidly attract aquatic flora and fauna, beetles and water voles, frogs and toads, dragonflies, and damp-loving plants.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (Even quite new ponds like this one; rapidly attract; aquatic flora and fauna, beetles and water voles, frogs and toads, dragonflies, and damp-loving plants)

Even the evolution of species is about time.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Even the evolution of species; is; about time)

Eventually, each condensation nucleus collects enough water to become a tiny droplet.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (each condensation nucleus; collects; enough water to become a tiny droplet; T:Eventually)

Everyone gets the same patterns and runs the same patterns.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Everyone; gets; the same patterns)
0.90 (Everyone; runs; the same patterns)

Examples of broadleaf trees are the maples, oaks, hickories, and elms.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Examples of broadleaf trees; are; the maples, oaks, hickories, and elms)

Example when a glass of salt water evaporates, salt crystals are left in the glass.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (salt crystals; are left; L:in the glass)

Existing facilities could continue to alter natural habitat and ecosystem patterns.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (Existing facilities; could continue; )
0.89 (Existing facilities; to alter; natural habitat and ecosystem patterns)

Eye color inheritance is complex.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (Eye color inheritance; is; complex)

Faced with limited water resources and an increased demand on supplies they are looking at alternatives to abstraction and recently unveiled a system that could treat waste water to drinking water quality.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (they; are looking; at alternatives to abstraction)
0.59 (they; unveiled; a system that could treat waste water to drinking water quality; T:recently)
0.89 (a system; could treat; waste water; to drinking water quality)

Fallow deer can be found in the forest.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Fallow deer; can be found; L:in the forest)

Fencing may be required.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (Fencing; may be required; )

Fertilizers can be expensive and are manufactured using nonrenewable fossil fuels.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (Fertilizers; can be; expensive)
0.68 (Fertilizers; are manufactured; )

Finally the retina or fundus is examined using an ophthalmoscope and a focusing lens that is held in the examiners hand that provides the examiner a clear view of all parts of the retina.

Confidence Tuple
0.86 (the retina or fundus; is examined; T:Finally)
0.90 (a focusing lens; is held; L:in the examiners hand)
0.90 (the examiners hand; provides; the examiner; a clear view of all parts of the retina)

Fish with scales and fins are kosher.

Confidence Tuple
0.81 (Fish with scales and fins; are; kosher)

Folds are most visible in rocks that contain layering.

Confidence Tuple
0.81 (Folds; are; most visible; L:in rocks)
0.56 (rocks; contain; layering)

Foliar analysis is based on the nutrient concentration in leaf tissue because leaves conduct the most photosynthesis and thus have the highest enzyme levels in plants.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Foliar analysis; is based; on the nutrient concentration in leaf tissue; because leaves conduct the most photosynthesis and thus have the highest enzyme levels in plants)
0.89 (leaves; conduct; the most photosynthesis)
0.88 (leaves; have; the highest enzyme levels in plants)

Folk is internationally known for his studies on biological clocks and their role in the timing of biological activities of animals, particularly with regard to cold adaptation and hibernation in the arctic.

Confidence Tuple
0.79 (Folk; is internationally known; for his studies on biological clocks and their role in the timing of biological activities of animals)

Food is a great incentive to learning for these formerly starved dogs and we use treats as a reward for appropriate behavior.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Food; is; a great incentive to learning for these formerly starved dogs)
0.45 (we; use; treats as a reward for appropriate behavior)

Food storage is seen specifically in plant root, stems and seeds, special attention is given to respiration and the uses of the energy obtained.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Food storage; is seen; L:specifically in plant root)
0.90 (special attention; is given; to respiration and the uses of the energy)
0.73 (the energy; obtained; )

Force is a push or a pull on an object or body.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (Force; is; a push or a pull on an object or body)

For example, identical twins in vastly different environments will have different performance.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (identical twins in vastly different environments; will have; different performance)

For example, laboratory experiments show that as a result of leaf damage by caterpillars, plants will produce bitter-tasting terpenes to ward off the herbivores.

Confidence Tuple
0.85 (laboratory experiments; show; that as a result of leaf damage by caterpillars, plants will produce bitter-tasting terpenes to ward off the herbivores)
0.77 Context(laboratory experiments show,List([13, 40))):(plants; will produce; bitter-tasting terpenes)
0.77 Context(laboratory experiments show plants will produce,List([13, 109))):(plants; will produce bitter-tasting terpenes to ward off; the herbivores)

For example, mole crickets usually lay eggs in the same location each year.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (mole crickets; lay; eggs; in the same location; T:each year; T:usually)

For example, there is the paper and pencil test , clinical laboratory tests, and physical changes observed in the clinical setting.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (physical changes; observed; L:in the clinical setting)

For example, weather erodes rock into sediment which may filter water for a while before it gathers into sedimentary rock which may compress into metamorphic rock, which may then crystallize into valuable minerals or may erode back to sediment.

Confidence Tuple
0.80 (sediment; may filter; water; T:for a while; T:before it gathers into sedimentary rock)
0.45 (it; gathers; L:into sedimentary rock)
0.89 (sedimentary rock; may compress; into metamorphic rock)
0.90 (metamorphic rock; may crystallize; into valuable minerals; T:then)
0.89 (metamorphic rock; may erode; back to sediment)

For example, when ice melts, it changes from a solid to a liquid.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (ice; melts; )
0.60 (it; changes; from a solid; to a liquid; T:when ice melts)

For ground water systems it is the land area around a well or well field that supplies ground water to the well over a long period of time considering seasonal conditions, such as floods or crop irrigation, change the direction of groundwater flow.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (a well or well field; supplies; ground water; to the well; T:over a long period of time)

For precipitation to form, temperatures inside the cloud have to be less than the freezing point of water.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (temperatures inside the cloud; to be; less than the freezing point of water)

For sound to be made, matter must vibrate.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (matter; must vibrate; )

For their part in the food chain, rays act as scavengers or bottom cleaners.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (rays; act; as scavengers or bottom cleaners)

Fringetrees are likely to be the last plant to leaf out in the spring and are long-lived trees.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Fringetrees; are; likely to be the last plant)
0.88 (Fringetrees; to be; the last plant to leaf out in the spring)
0.91 (the last plant; to leaf out; T:in the spring)
0.88 (Fringetrees; are; long-lived trees)

From those seeds come other seeds and thus the cycle is continued.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (From those seeds; come; other seeds)
0.73 (the cycle; is continued; )

Fruits and vegetables are sometimes classified into groups by size for sale on the market.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Fruits and vegetables; are classified; into groups; T:sometimes)

Glaciers carved valleys and cirques.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Glaciers; carved; valleys and cirques)

Graduated cylinders are the more common, albeit less accurate, method for measuring liquid volumes exceeding 25 ml.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Graduated cylinders; are; the more common, albeit less accurate, method for measuring liquid volumes)
0.90 (liquid volumes; exceeding; 25 ml)

Grasslands recycle nutrients in the soil and form a thick layer of organic matter.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Grasslands; recycle; nutrients)
0.90 (Grasslands; form; a thick layer of organic matter)

Gravity and the sheer girth of the ice cause glaciers to move very slowly.

Confidence Tuple
0.86 (Gravity and the sheer girth of the ice cause glaciers; to move very slowly; )

Have the students mold their clay into various shapes and test each shape to see whether if will sink or float.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (the students; test; each shape; to see whether if will sink or float)
0.68 Context(the students test,List([5, 62))):(the students; test each shape to see; whether if will sink or float)

Heat the pot up until the water comes to a boil .

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (the water; comes; to a boil)

He reached down to dissuade the kitten, who had licked the plate clean, from trying to sharpen its claws on his polished boots.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (the kitten; had licked; the plate; clean)
0.39 (He; reached; down; to dissuade the kitten)
0.26 Context(He reached,List([0, 10))):(He; reached to dissuade; the kitten, who had licked the plate clean, from trying to sharpen its claws on his polished boots)

Her heart is as soft as a feather pillow.

Confidence Tuple
0.70 (Her heart; is; as soft as a feather pillow)

He slowly unscrews the cap of a two liter plastic soda bottle, and releases a small capsule into 2 centimeters of liquid below.

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (He; slowly unscrews; the cap of a two liter plastic soda bottle)
0.41 (He; releases; a small capsule; into 2 centimeters of liquid below)

He stated that there are no predators to manage that prairie dog colony.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (no predators; to manage; that prairie dog colony)
0.12 (He; stated; that there are no predators)

He stopped the wagon and commenced to hunt about in the end of the wagon for a bottle of whisky.

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (He; stopped; the wagon)
0.53 (He; commenced; to hunt about in the end of the wagon for a bottle of whisky)

Horses have a thick winter coat of hair to keep them warm during the cool seasons of the year.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (Horses; have; a thick winter coat of hair to keep them warm during the cool seasons of the year)

Hot, whole grain cereals are also a good choice.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (whole grain cereals; are also; a good choice)

However, if genes are important, identical twins should respond in a very similar fashion.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (genes; are; important)
0.73 (identical twins; should respond; )

However, some manufacturers use by-product gypsum from fossil fuel emissions and recycled newspaper.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (some manufacturers; use; by-product gypsum; from fossil fuel emissions)
0.89 (some manufacturers; recycled; newspaper)

However, when heat is added to the solid and it melts to become a liquid, the bonds are considerably weaker, and in water, are simply hydrogen bonds.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (heat; is added; to the solid)
0.41 (it; to become; a liquid)
0.94 (the bonds; are; considerably weaker; T:when heat is added to the solid and it melts to become a liquid)
0.93 (the bonds; are simply; hydrogen bonds; L:in water)

Human behavioral development is traced from prenatal stages through infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and later life.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Human behavioral development; is traced; from prenatal stages)

Humans and animals breathe in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Humans and animals; breathe; L:in oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide)

Hybrids rely on both a gasoline engine and an electric motor that is powered by batteries.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Hybrids; rely; on both a gasoline engine and an electric motor)
0.90 (an electric motor; is powered; by batteries)

Ice cores have helped scientists assemble a climate record stretching back more than 400,000 years.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (a climate record; stretching; back; T:more than 400,000 years)
0.91 (Ice cores; have helped; scientists assemble a climate record)
0.87 Context(Ice cores have helped,List([0, 21))):(scientists; assemble; a climate record stretching back more than 400,000 years)

If it falls as snow it can spend some time in a snow or ice-field before moving off as a glacier and perhaps eventually becoming part of an iceberg.

Confidence Tuple
0.52 (it; falls; as snow)
0.57 (it; can spend; some time; in a snow or ice-field; T:before moving off as a glacier and perhaps eventually becoming part of an iceberg)

If it is growing on a plant stem or root it needs to be cut off.

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (it; is growing; on a plant stem or root)
0.23 (it; needs; to be cut off)
0.17 (it; to be cut off; )

If stems are weak or become brittle after drying, remove them and wire the flowers.

Confidence Tuple
0.61 (stems; are; weak)
0.56 (stems; become; brittle; T:after drying)
0.52 (stems; after drying; )

If the ball is rolling on its own already then you only have kinetic energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (the ball; is rolling; )
0.74 (you; only have; kinetic energy; T:already; T:then)

If the conduction wire, covered as above, be wound upon a bar of soft iron, the iron becomes magnetic as long as the current continues to flow, and possesses the property of attracting other pieces of iron in its vicinity.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (the conduction wire; covered; as above)
0.87 (the iron; possesses; the property of attracting other pieces of iron in its vicinity)
0.93 (the conduction wire, covered as above; be wound; upon a bar of soft iron)
0.90 (the iron; becomes; magnetic; T:as long as the current continues to flow)
0.73 (the current; continues; )
0.70 (the current; to flow; )

If there is a hypothesis it must be testable.

Confidence Tuple
0.23 (it; must be; testable)

If the soil surface is left bare and uncovered, it is subject to erosion from wind and water.

Confidence Tuple
0.78 (the soil surface; is left; bare and uncovered)
0.52 (it; is; subject to erosion from wind and water)

If the stem of the flower becomes too long, simply cut or twist it off.

Confidence Tuple
0.81 (the stem of the flower; becomes; too long)

If we take the kinetic energy of rolling into account and start the ball higher, the ball gets closer to going around the loop as seen in the movie .

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (we; take; the kinetic energy of rolling into account)
0.12 (we; start higher; )
0.93 (the ball; gets; closer to going around the loop)

If you are testing electromagnets, record the size of the nail, number of windings, applied electrical current and everything else your can think of.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (you; are testing; electromagnets)
0.36 (your; can think; of)

If you are using plastic bottles with screw tops, you can just sit down on the floor with your beer and twist them on.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (you; are using; plastic bottles; with screw tops)
0.62 (you; can just sit down; on the floor)
0.42 (you; twist on; them)

If you live on the edge of a stream, you can plant a high water use plant by that stream and never water it.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (you; live; L:on the edge of a stream)
0.37 (you; can plant; a high water use plant; by that stream)
0.42 (you; never water; it)

If you use the mass in kilograms and speed in meters per second, the answer comes out in joules, the metric unit for energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (you; use; the mass; L:in kilograms and speed in meters per second)
0.73 (the answer; comes out; )

I learned to salute my flag and its anthem.

Confidence Tuple
0.26 (I; learned; to salute my flag and its anthem)
0.26 Context(I learned,List([0, 9))):(I; learned to salute; my flag and its anthem)

Improved achromatic microscope, using several doublets in line.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Improved achromatic microscope; using; several doublets; in line)

In addition to fresh apples, most orchards make their own apple cider.

Confidence Tuple
0.83 (most orchards; make; their own apple cider)

In cold climates, ice also penetrates into the stone and the freeze-thaw cycle adds physical weathering to the chemical attachis usually results in body sweat to lower body temperature.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (ice; penetrates; into the stone; L:In cold climates)
0.94 (the freeze-thaw cycle; adds; physical weathering; to the chemical attachis)

Increased carbon dioxide levels stimulate more rapid breathing rates in humans which clears carbon dioxide from the system.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Increased carbon dioxide levels; stimulate; more rapid breathing rates; L:in humans)

Increases in oil imports and oil prices have spawned proposals of various petroleum policies, including a per gallon tax on gasoline.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (Increases in oil imports and oil prices; have spawned; proposals of various petroleum policies, including a per gallon tax on gasoline)

In fact, plants and trees, which consist mostly of carbon, get most of the materials they need to exist from carbon dioxide, a gas in the air.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (plants and trees; consist mostly; of carbon)
0.95 (plants and trees, which consist mostly of carbon; get; most of the materials)
0.62 (they; need; to exist from carbon dioxide)
0.89 (the materials; to exist; from carbon dioxide)

In order for an hypothesis to be testable, we need variables that are measurable.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (an hypothesis; to be; testable)
0.23 (we; need; variables that are measurable)
0.72 (variables; are; measurable)

In order to escape predators, octopi can squirt black ink into the water, allowing the octopus to escape.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (octopi; can squirt; black ink; into the water)
0.81 Context(octopi can squirt,List([30, 47))):(octopi; can squirt black ink allowing; the octopus to escape)
0.68 Context(octopi can squirt allowing,List([30, 82))):(the octopus; to escape; )

In order to survive in the sometimes-harsh environment of earth, both on a daily- and evolutionary-basis, constantly competing with other species for scarce resources, organisms must be able to defend themselves in all realms.

Confidence Tuple
0.80 (organisms; to defend; themselves; L:in all realms)
0.78 (organisms; must be; able to defend themselves in all realms)

In partial shade, flowering will be reduced and plants are more susceptible to leaf spot disease.

Confidence Tuple
0.64 (flowering; will be reduced; L:In partial shade)
0.81 (plants; are; more susceptible to leaf spot disease)

In photosynthesis, plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen, which is what humans and animals need to live.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (plants; absorb; carbon dioxide and release oxygen, which is what humans and animals need to live; L:In photosynthesis)
0.91 (carbon dioxide and release oxygen; is; what humans and animals need to live)
0.74 Context(carbon dioxide and release oxygen is,List([33, 76))):(humans and animals; need; to live)
0.70 Context(carbon dioxide and release oxygen is humans and animals need,List([33, 105))):(humans and animals; need to live to live; )

In plants using photosynthesis, carbon dioxide is taken in from the atmosphere.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (carbon dioxide; is taken in; from the atmosphere; L:In plants)

In some cases, only one of the two parental genes is expressed outwardly in the offspring, as when horses inherit one coat-color gene from the sire and a different coat-color gene from the dam.

Confidence Tuple
0.97 (only one of the two parental genes; is expressed outwardly; as when horses inherit one coat-color gene from the sire and a different coat-color gene from the dam; L:In some cases)
0.93 (horses; inherit; one coat-color gene; from the sire and a different coat-color gene from the dam)

In some soils the colour is that of the sand and silt particles, but in many soils coatings of iron oxides or other compounds mask the colour of the primary particles.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (the colour; is; that of the sand and silt particles; L:In some soils)

In some species the eggs are retained, and the young are hatched just before, during or shortly after laying.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (the eggs; are retained; L:In some species)
0.32 (the young; are hatched; T:just before; T:during or shortly after laying)

Instead, they store their oxygen mostly in blood and muscle tissue.

Confidence Tuple
0.46 (they; store; their oxygen)

Instruments that measure atmospheric pressure are called barometers .

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (Instruments; measure; atmospheric pressure)
0.93 (Instruments that measure atmospheric pressure; are called; barometers)

In the cycle, water occurs as water vapor, liquid water, and ice.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (water; occurs; L:In the cycle)