4th Grade Examples Pt. 3

In the field, women farmers sow, weed, apply fertilizer and pesticides, harvest, and thresh the crops.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (women farmers; sow; weed; L:In the field)
0.89 (women farmers; apply; fertilizer and pesticides, harvest)
0.91 (women farmers; thresh; the crops)

In the lungs, carbon dioxide is released and oxygen obtained by the blood.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (carbon dioxide; is released; L:In the lungs)
0.89 (oxygen; obtained; by the blood)

In the water cycle, water is evaporated and through precipitation, returns as rain or snow.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (water; is evaporated; L:In the water cycle)

In the winter, using fans to pull the heated air down from the ceiling to where you are will give you more bang for your energy buck.

Confidence Tuple
0.32 (you; are; )
0.86 (using fans to pull the heated air down from the ceiling to where you are; will give; you; more bang for your energy buck; L:In the winter)

In this process, the physical cells are all expanded into a higher frequency.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (the physical cells; are expanded; into a higher frequency; L:In this process)

Introduces what a glacier is and how it forms, discusses how and where glaciers move, presents the history of glaciers, and describes the effects of glacial erosion upon land forms.

Confidence Tuple
0.24 (it; forms; )
0.47 (it; discusses; how and where glaciers move, presents the history of glaciers, and describes the effects of glacial erosion upon land forms)
0.89 Context(it discusses,List([37, 56))):(how and where glaciers move; presents; the history of glaciers)
0.71 (glaciers; move; )

I painted each leaf a light green, then overpainted veins with dark green.

Confidence Tuple
0.38 (I; painted then; each leaf; a light green)
0.43 Context(I painted then,List([0, 39))):(I; painted then overpainted; veins; T:then)

I run the 800 meters in track.

Confidence Tuple
0.52 (I; run; the 800 meters in track)

Isolate any plant suspected of having virus, and have a leaf sample tested.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (any plant; suspected; of having virus)
0.89 (any plant; of having; virus)
0.90 (any plant suspected of having virus; have; a leaf sample tested)
0.71 Context(any plant suspected of having virus have,List([8, 53))):(a leaf sample; tested; )

It contains no new material whatsoever .

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (It; contains; no new material whatsoever)

It has fun illustrations and text that explains the forces at work in each simple machine.

Confidence Tuple
0.39 (It; has; fun illustrations and text that explains the forces at work in each simple machine)
0.91 (fun illustrations and text; explains; the forces)

It involves collecting unwanted items or materials, processing them into new materials, making new products from the recycled materials, and using new products.

Confidence Tuple
0.42 (It; involves; collecting unwanted items or materials, processing them into new materials, making new products from the recycled materials, and using new products)

It is present in oceans, rivers, lakes, the polar ice caps, clouds, rain or snow, ground water and living things such as plants and animals.

Confidence Tuple
0.64 (It; is; present in oceans, rivers, lakes, the polar ice caps, clouds, rain or snow, ground water and living things such as plants and animals)

It is state law and campus policy that personnel including students, stuff, and visitors in laboratories wear safety glasses, goggles, or face shields at all times where eye hazards are a possibility.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (eye hazards; are; a possibility; L:all times)
0.47 (It; is; state law and campus policy)
0.94 Context(It is,List([0, 5))):(personnel including students, stuff, and visitors in laboratories; wear; safety glasses, goggles, or face shields; T:at all times)

It refracts the light entering the eye onto the lens , which then focuses it onto the retina .

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (It; refracts; the light entering the eye onto the lens ,)
0.90 (the light; entering; the eye; onto the lens)
0.88 (the lens; focuses; it; onto the retina; T:then)

Its taste, texture and flavor will never be surpassed by its dehydrated or processed version.

Confidence Tuple
0.58 (Its taste, texture and flavor; will never be surpassed; by its dehydrated or processed version)

It will encourage scientists to carry out research to find cures for various diseases.

Confidence Tuple
0.57 (It; will encourage; scientists; to carry out research to find cures for various diseases)
0.87 (scientists; to carry out; research; to find cures for various diseases)
0.87 Context(scientists to carry out,List([18, 41))):(scientists; to carry out research to find; cures for various diseases)

It would take an energy plant the size of a mountain to produce a pulse with enough energy to start a grass fire, let alone wipe out an entire air field.

Confidence Tuple
0.41 (It; to produce; a pulse with enough energy)

Kids can learn about fossils as well as the properties of common rocks and minerals.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (Kids; can learn; about fossils as well as the properties of common rocks and minerals)

Lacewing is a predator of insect pests.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Lacewing; is; a predator of insect pests)
0.89 (Lacewing; is a predator of; insect pests)

Lacking good vision and hearing, these animals possess a keen sense of smell that helps them find food, such as insects and spiders, in the soil.

Confidence Tuple
0.70 (these animals; possess; a keen sense of smell that helps them find food, such as insects and spiders, in the soil)
0.90 (a keen sense of smell; helps; them find food, such as insects and spiders, in the soil)
0.46 Context(a keen sense of smell helps,List([55, 87))):(them; find; food, such as insects and spiders; L:in the soil)

Landforms range from seashore, coastal plains, hills and valleys to deserts and mountains.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Landforms; range; from seashore, coastal plains, hills and valleys; to deserts and mountains)

Landslides caused by heavy rain frequently disrupt train services.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Landslides; caused; by heavy rain)
0.95 (Landslides caused by heavy rain; disrupt; train services; T:frequently)

Late herbicide applications caused leaf browning in some cases and severe leaf-cupping in others, and the plants have been slow to recover.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Late herbicide applications; caused; leaf browning; L:in some cases and severe leaf-cupping in others)
0.77 (the plants; have been; slow to recover)
0.70 (the plants; to recover; )

Later, he tells them how solids can melt, and how liquids boil or evaporate.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (liquids; boil; )
0.68 (solids; evaporate; )
0.57 (he; tells; them; how solids can melt, and how liquids boil or evaporate; T:Later)
0.66 Context(he tells,List([7, 15))):(solids; can melt; )

Less sunlight lowers photosynthesis for both algae and rooted plants.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Less sunlight; lowers; photosynthesis for both algae and rooted plants)

Lightning is the closest symbol he could use to describe the change of electrical energy state that occurs in a nuclear reaction.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Lightning; is; the closest symbol he could use to describe the change of electrical energy state)
0.92 (the change of electrical energy state; occurs; L:in a nuclear reaction)
0.87 (the closest symbol; could use; to describe the change of electrical energy state)
0.24 Context(the closest symbol could use,List([13, 44))):(he; to describe; the change of electrical energy state that occurs in a nuclear reaction)

Like the plant, the animal uses most of the energy it consumes for functions such as growth and sustenance but can offer about 10 percent of the energy it derived from plants to the next consumer in the food chain.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (the animal; uses; most of the energy)
0.89 (the energy; consumes; for functions such as growth and sustenance)
0.89 (the animal; can offer; about 10 percent of the energy)
0.89 (the energy; derived; from plants)

Limestone , the third main type of sedimentary rock found in this area, formed from calcium carbonate precipitated from the water and from the remains of animal shells.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (this area; formed; from calcium carbonate)
0.97 (the third main type of sedimentary rock found in this area,; precipitated; from the water and from the remains of animal shells)
0.89 (Limestone; [is] the third main type of; sedimentary rock)

Liquid water is converted to water vapor during evaporation .

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Liquid water; is converted; to water vapor; T:during evaporation)

List three structures or layers in the leaf where photosynthesis occurs or chloroplasts are found.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (photosynthesis; occurs; L:the leaf)
0.85 (List three structures or layers in the leaf; are found; )

Loss of wetland habitat has reduced populations of frogs and toads, and endangered several species of amphibians with restricted ranges, scientists say.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Loss of wetland habitat; endangered; several species of amphibians with restricted ranges)
0.99 (Loss of wetland habitat has reduced populations of frogs and toads, and endangered several species of amphibians with restricted ranges; say; scientists)
0.90 Context(Loss of wetland habitat has reduced populations of frogs and toads , and endangered several species of amphibians with restricted ranges say,List([0, 151))):(Loss of wetland habitat; has reduced; populations of frogs and toads)

Made of soft cottons, lightweight nylons, and natural hemp materials, these hats offer the comfort, shade, and style that make a hat worth wearing.

Confidence Tuple
0.85 (these hats; offer; the comfort, shade, and style that make a hat worth wearing)
0.93 (the comfort, shade, and style; make; a hat worth wearing)

Magnolias produce a conelike fruit, which bears red berry seeds, often eaten by birds and other animals.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Magnolias; produce; a conelike fruit, which bears red berry seeds,)
0.93 (a conelike fruit; bears; red berry seeds, often eaten by birds and other animals)
0.94 (red berry seeds; eaten; by birds and other animals; T:often)

Mainstream smoke is that which is caused by the lighting of the cigarette, and side stream smoke is the smoke inhaled by the smoker.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (Mainstream smoke; is; that which is caused by the lighting of the cigarette)
0.12 (that; is caused; by the lighting of the cigarette)
0.93 (side stream smoke; is; the smoke inhaled by the smoker)
0.90 (the smoke; inhaled; by the smoker)

Make a conclusion about the validity of your hypothesis based on the data you collected.

Confidence Tuple
0.64 (your hypothesis; based; on the data)
0.88 (the data; collected; you)

Making food from sunlight energy is something only plants can do.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Making food from sunlight energy; is; something only plants can do)
0.93 (something; can do; only plants)

Many eggs hatch, but very few of the offspring survive.

Confidence Tuple
0.79 (very few of the offspring; survive; )

Many marine organisms have a complex life cycle in which the larval stage disperses in the plankton and the adult stage is benthic and relatively sedentary.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Many marine organisms; have; a complex life cycle in which the larval stage disperses in the plankton and the adult stage is benthic and relatively sedentary)
0.98 (the larval stage disperses in the plankton and the adult stage; is; benthic and relatively sedentary; L:a complex life cycle)

Many of these diseases can be prevented by proper management and vaccination.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Many of these diseases; can be prevented; by proper management and vaccination)

May develop into an organism resembling the parent or another stage in the life cycle.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (an organism; resembling; the parent or another stage in the life cycle)

Measurement of liquid mixing times in the bubble column is on-going.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (liquid; mixing; times; L:in the bubble column)
0.92 (Measurement of liquid; is; on-going)

Mechanical energy changes to sound in a piano.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Mechanical energy changes; to sound; in a piano)

Melt some chocolate by putting a container with the chocolate in a pan of boiling water, stir the chocolate when it is getting hot.

Confidence Tuple
0.23 (it; is getting; hot)

Messages are sent from the computer brain to motors in the robot s parts.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Messages; are sent; from the computer brain; to motors in the robot s parts)

Metal objects in a magnetic field affect it.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (Metal objects in a magnetic field; affect; it)

Metamorphic rock forms when rock undergoes a transformation from one structure to another, usually caused by pressure, heat, and water.

Confidence Tuple
0.81 (rock; undergoes; a transformation)
0.94 (one structure to another; caused; by pressure, heat, and water; T:usually)

Mistletoe birds may carry seed back into the burnt area so that the plants re-establish.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Mistletoe birds; may carry; seed; back into the burnt area)
0.73 (the plants; re-establish; )

More deer will be hit on the roads.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (More deer; will be hit; L:on the roads)

Moreover, castration effected the life-span of the castrati, who seem to have lived longer, on average, than normal males of the period.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (castration; effected; the life-span of the castrati)
0.74 (the castrati; to have lived; T:longer)

Most apartments are carpeted while others have hard wood floors.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Most apartments; are carpeted; T:while others have hard wood floors)
0.89 (others; have; hard wood floors)

Most fish lay eggs in clutches.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Most fish; lay; eggs; in clutches)

Most foreign genetic material, such as those present in ordinary food, will be broken down to generate energy and building-blocks for growth and repair.

Confidence Tuple
0.97 (Most foreign genetic material, such as those present in ordinary food; will be broken down; to generate energy and building-blocks for growth and repair)

Most men who train with weights will start getting callous joints and dry skin in the palm of their hands.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Most men who train with weights; will start; getting callous joints and dry skin in the palm of their hands)
0.86 Context(Most men who train with weights will start,List([0, 42))):(Most men; train; with weights)
0.90 Context(Most men who train with weights will start,List([0, 42))):(Most men who train with weights; will start getting; callous joints and dry skin in the palm of their hands)

Most of the better machines have plastic pump parts, but they seem to outlast the earlier die-cast models.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Most of the better machines; have; plastic pump parts)
0.32 (they; seem; )
0.58 (they; to outlast; the earlier die-cast models)

Most people think of soil as ground up rocks.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Most people; think; of soil)

Most pups initially feed on small prey which is easy to catch, like small amphipods and shrimp.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Most pups; feed; T:on small prey; T:initially)
0.91 (small prey; is; easy to catch, like small amphipods and shrimp)

Most seeds germinate late fall to early spring in cold winter areas, but some germination can occur year round when conditions become favorable.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Most seeds; germinate; late fall; to early spring)
0.75 (conditions; become; favorable)

Much like squid, the octopus is also capable of producing a dark ink-like fluid from their internal ink sacs, which clouds the water and gives a message to approaching danger.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (the octopus; is also; capable of producing a dark ink-like fluid from their internal ink sacs)

Multilayering of epithelia and abnormal cell shapes are most likely caused by defects in cell adhesion.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Multilayering of epithelia and abnormal cell shapes; are most likely caused; by defects in cell adhesion)

My son is learning to ride a bicycle.

Confidence Tuple
0.59 (My son; is learning; to ride a bicycle)
0.59 Context(My son is learning,List([0, 18))):(My son; is learning to ride; a bicycle)

Neighborhood action groups have also been active in communicating their opinions in opposition to commercial development perceived as creating adverse impact on the family or the natural environment.

Confidence Tuple
0.78 (Neighborhood action groups; have also been; active)
0.94 (commercial development; perceived; as creating adverse impact on the family or the natural environment)

Nitrogen composes 78 percent of the air we breathe.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Nitrogen; composes; 78 percent of the air)
0.88 (the air; breathe; we)

No living thing can survive without water in some way, shape, or form.

Confidence Tuple
0.36 (No living thing; can survive; )

Note that reported conditions are subject to rapid change with wind or rain.

Confidence Tuple
0.50 (reported conditions; are subject to; rapid change)

Numerous plantlets, which grow at the leaf tips, will readily grow into new plants.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Numerous plantlets; grow; at the leaf tips)
0.94 (Numerous plantlets, which grow at the leaf tips; will readily grow; into new plants)

Oak trees live forever.

Confidence Tuple
0.82 (Oak trees; live; T:forever)

Objects sink or float in water.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (Objects; sink; )
0.88 (Objects; float; L:in water)

Often they would get together to work like measuring the room for carpeting, or making cable cars across the backyard.

Confidence Tuple
0.78 (they; would get together; to work like measuring the room for carpeting, or making cable cars across the backyard; T:Often)
0.27 Context(they would get together,List([6, 29))):(they; would get together to work like measuring the room for carpeting, or making cable cars across the backyard to work; )

Oil and water don t mix.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Oil and water; don; t mix)

Oil spills affect many species of plants and animals in the environment, as well as humans.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Oil spills; affect; many species of plants and animals in the environment)

Old pickle and mayo jars containing bugs.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (mayo jars; containing; bugs)

Once in the environment, this chlorine can combine with organic materials present in water and soil to form carcinogenic substances called trihalomethanes.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (this chlorine; can combine; with organic materials present in water and soil; T:Once in the environment)
0.90 (carcinogenic substances; called; trihalomethanes)

Once this organic waste gets into a stream, oxygen is needed by bacteria to break it down.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (this organic waste; gets; into a stream)
0.89 (oxygen; is needed; by bacteria; to break it down; T:Once this organic waste gets into a stream)

One of the most general distinctions among organisms is between plants, which use sunlight to make their own food, and animals, which consume energy-rich foods.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (One of the most general distinctions among organisms; is; between plants, which use sunlight to make their own food, and animals)
0.81 (plants, which use sunlight to make their own food, and animals; consume; energy-rich foods)

Onset is usually late adolescence to early adulthood.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Onset; is; T:usually; late adolescence to early adulthood)

On their activity sheets they are to draw magnets attracting and repelling each other.

Confidence Tuple
0.61 (they; are; to draw magnets; L:On their activity sheets)
0.58 (they; to draw; magnets attracting and repelling each other)
0.71 (magnets; attracting; )

On the other hand, heating within the package frequently is less costly and produces quite acceptable quality with the majority of foods and most of our present canned food supply is heated in the package.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (heating within the package; is; less costly; T:frequently)
0.94 (heating within the package; produces; quite acceptable quality; T:frequently)
0.74 (most of our present canned food supply; is heated; L:in the package)

Or a flashlight in the window, turned on or off.

Confidence Tuple
0.76 (a flashlight in the window; turned on; )

Organsisms that feed soley on dead organic material are known as decomposers, or saprobes.

Confidence Tuple
0.68 (Organsisms; feed soley; )
0.94 (Organsisms that feed soley on dead organic material; are known; as decomposers, or saprobes)

Other chemicals can be applied to bronze to change the coloring to blue, red, brown and copper.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Other chemicals; can be applied; to bronze to change the coloring to blue, red, brown and copper)

Other giant animals that roamed the earth during this same period included woolly mammoths and saber tooth tigers.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Other giant animals; roamed; the earth; T:during this same period)
0.96 (Other giant animals that roamed the earth during this same period; included; woolly mammoths and saber tooth tigers)

Other materials, like rubber, are smooth but still produce a lot of friction.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Other materials, like rubber; are; smooth but still produce a lot of friction)

Our cells perform the same function with similar structures, they have eyes, mouths, digestive systems, blood, etc.

Confidence Tuple
0.67 (they; have; eyes, mouths, digestive systems, blood, etc.)
0.59 Context(they have,List([61, 70))):(Our cells; perform; the same function)

Our main resource focus is on water and energy use.

Confidence Tuple
0.74 (Our main resource focus; is; on water and energy use)

Over the last five years, scientists all over the world either directly or indirectly involved in these projects have investigated different methods and theories, and processed different kinds of data and measurements.

Confidence Tuple
0.84 (the world; directly involved; in these projects)
0.95 (scientists all over the world; have investigated; different methods and theories; T:Over the last five years)
0.95 (scientists all over the world; processed; different kinds of data and measurements; T:Over the last five years)

Pea s grow from seeds that are planted in the ground.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Pea; s grow; from seeds)
0.88 (seeds; are planted; in the ground)

People accept that nature and environment have to be preserved.

Confidence Tuple
0.72 (nature and environment; to be preserved; )
0.71 (People; accept; that nature and environment have to be preserved)

People can use different medicines but for the same purpose.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (People; can use; different medicines; for the same purpose)

Photosynthesis-inhibitor herbicides can be absorbed by roots when soil-applied or above-ground tissues when foliar-applied, but move only upward in the plant xylem.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Photosynthesis-inhibitor herbicides; can be absorbed; by roots)
0.95 (soil-applied or above-ground tissues when foliar-applied; move; only upward; L:in the plant xylem)

Photosynthesis is a process by which plants use light from the sun to make food.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Photosynthesis; is; a process by which plants use light from the sun to make food)
0.86 (plants; use; light; from the sun; L:a process)
0.69 Context(plants use,List([37, 47))):(plants; use light to make; food)

Phototropism - the degree to which plants are attracted to light.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (the degree; are attracted; to light)

Physical systems of the earth, weather and climate, vegetation and soils and landforms are described and analyzed.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Physical systems of the earth, weather and climate, vegetation and soils and landforms; are described; )
0.89 (Physical systems of the earth, weather and climate, vegetation and soils and landforms; analyzed; )

Physiologically speaking, the body needs oxygen for the chemical reactions that power our cells, and it also needs a way of getting rid of carbon dioxide, a product of those reactions.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (the body; needs; oxygen for the chemical reactions)
0.82 (the chemical reactions; power; our cells)
0.45 (it; also needs; a way of getting rid of carbon dioxide)

Plant photosynthesis breaks the carbon dioxide in two, keeping the carbon to form the carbohydrates that make up the plant, and putting the oxygen into the air.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Plant photosynthesis; breaks; the carbon dioxide in two)
0.89 (the carbohydrates; make up; the plant)

Plant roots break up the surface of a rock allowing water to penetrate the cracks.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Plant roots; break up; the surface of a rock)
0.88 (a rock; allowing; water to penetrate the cracks)
0.87 Context(a rock allowing,List([36, 51))):(water; to penetrate; the cracks)

Plants may live for several, or many, years.

Confidence Tuple
0.81 (Plants; may live; T:for several, or many, years)

Plants often thrive in citrus groves, competing with trees for water, nutrients, and light.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (Plants; thrive; L:in citrus groves; T:often)
0.79 (Plants; competing; with trees; for water, nutrients, and light)

Polar bears and grizzlies are the same animal with two different colour fur living in two very different habitats.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (Polar; bears; )
0.89 (grizzlies; are; the same animal with two different colour fur)
0.92 (two different colour fur; living; L:in two very different habitats)

Predators play an important role in an ecosystem.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Predators; play; an important role; L:in an ecosystem)