# 4th Grade Examples Pt. 4

#### Pressure - a measure of the weight of the air , that is usually measured with a barometer in meteorology .

Confidence Tuple
0.16 (that; is measured; with a barometer in meteorology; T:usually)

#### Prior to this, the circuit was equilibrated for 1500 steps with the switch open, so the electric field is almost zero everywhere inside the wires.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (the circuit; was equilibrated; for 1500 steps with the switch open; T:Prior to this)
0.93 (the electric field; is; almost zero everywhere inside the wires)

#### Pull out the large magnet and swipe over the container - small metal objects that were buried should be attracted to the magnet and appear.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (the container - small metal objects; were buried; )

#### Put a few milliliters of water in a flask or beaker that can be heated on the hot plate.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (a flask or beaker; can be; heated on the hot plate)

#### Rainbow caused by the reflection and refraction of the rays of the sun shining on falling rain.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Rainbow; caused; by the reflection and refraction of the rays of the sun)
0.73 (the sun; shining; )

#### Relate heat transferred to changes in thermal energy when no work is done.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Relate heat; transferred; to changes in thermal energy)
0.73 (no work; is done; )

#### Relativistic mass is the mass of an object measured by an observer who is moving relative to the object.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Relativistic mass; is; the mass of an object)
0.90 (an object; measured; by an observer)
0.70 (an observer; is moving relative; )

#### Remove from pans, and cool on wire racks covered with plastic wrap or wax paper to prevent layers from adhering to racks.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (wire racks; covered; with plastic wrap or wax paper)
0.89 (layers; from adhering; to racks)

#### Rocks break down by the process called weathering .

Confidence Tuple
0.56 (Rocks; break down; )
0.90 (the process; called; weathering)

#### Routes taken and time spent walking should be varied.

Confidence Tuple
0.26 (Routes; taken; )

#### Sand dunes are huge piles of sand blown there by strong gusts wind.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Sand dunes; are; huge piles of sand blown there by strong gusts wind)
0.94 (huge piles of sand; blown; L:there; by strong gusts wind)

#### School yards are often suitable habitat for bluebirds, with open fields and old woodlots.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (School yards; are; T:often; suitable habitat for bluebirds, with open fields and old woodlots)

#### Scientists began studying light a long time ago.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (Scientists; began; studying light a long time ago)
0.87 Context(Scientists began,List([0, 16))):(Scientists; began studying; light; T:a long time ago)

#### Seed dispersal has many consequences for the ecology and evolution of plants.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Seed dispersal; has; many consequences for the ecology and evolution of plants)

#### See what bubbles look like under a microscope, find out why they are shaped like spheres, what happens when 2 bubbles meet, why they are so colorful, and more.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (2 bubbles; meet; )
0.36 (they; are; so colorful)
0.32 (they; are shaped; )

#### Served in those plastic-wood, family-size bowls, each would easily feed three.

Confidence Tuple
0.30 (each; would easily feed; three)

#### Shield volcanoes have gentle slopes like a shield, because they are made of many layers of a kind of volcanic rock that flows easily when melted.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Shield volcanoes; have; gentle slopes like a shield; because they are made of many layers of a kind of volcanic rock)
0.62 (they; are made; of many layers of a kind of volcanic rock)
0.74 (volcanic rock; flows easily; T:when melted)

#### Short circuits and interferences between discourses turn into productive fields, in which discoveries, inventions and innovations take place.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Short circuits and interferences between discourses; turn; into productive fields)
0.89 (productive fields; take; place)

#### Should students encounter such material by accident, they should report it their teacher immediately.

Confidence Tuple
0.40 (they; should report; it; T:immediately)

#### Similarly, for plants, litter decomposition causes a release of phosphorus.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (litter decomposition; causes; a release of phosphorus)

#### Similarly, the roots of plants can work their way into rocks as they grow, and the pressure caused by their expansion can break apart the rock into smaller pieces.

Confidence Tuple
0.86 (the roots of plants; can work; their way; into rocks; T:as they grow)
0.38 (they; grow; )
0.83 (the pressure; caused; by their expansion)
0.72 (the pressure caused by their expansion; can break; apart; the rock; into smaller pieces)

#### Snow molds are caused by low-temperature fungi which can grow at near freezing temperatures, when the wheat plants are dormant.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Snow molds; are caused; by low-temperature fungi)
0.74 (low-temperature fungi; can grow; )
0.78 (the wheat plants; are; dormant)
Confidence Tuple
0.96 (Soft corals, mushroom anemones, green star polyps, and small polyp stony corals; are; valuable popular reef animals)

#### Soil erosion is the removal of surface material by wind or water.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Soil erosion; is; the removal of surface material by wind or water)

#### Soil microorganisms, plant nutrients, and fertilization are discussed.

Confidence Tuple
0.83 (Soil microorganisms, plant nutrients, and fertilization; are discussed; )

#### Soil needs to hold air, water and nutrients as well as support the root systems of the plants.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Soil; needs; to hold air, water and nutrients as well as support the root systems of the plants)
0.90 Context(Soil needs,List([0, 10))):(Soil; needs to hold; air, water and nutrients)
0.86 Context(Soil needs,List([0, 10))):(Soil; needs to support; the root systems of the plants)

#### Soil organisms break down many of the dissolved compounds in water, and plant roots remove nutrients, trace elements and other compounds.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Soil organisms; break down; many of the dissolved compounds in water)
0.90 (plant roots; remove; nutrients, trace elements and other compounds)

#### Soils contain microorganisms called decomposers which play a vital role in the carbon cycle of the soil because of their ability to reduce or decompose organic substances.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Soils; contain; microorganisms called decomposers)
0.88 (microorganisms; called; decomposers which play a vital role in the carbon cycle of the soil because of their ability)
0.80 (decomposers; play; a vital role; L:in the carbon cycle of the soil; because of their ability)

#### So it is summer in the southern hemisphere, and winter in the northern hemisphere.

Confidence Tuple
0.52 (it; is; summer)

#### So it probably is the case that many of these individuals were poor eaters in childhood, and continue to have poor eating habits as adults, and these poor eating habits are negatively affecting their health.

Confidence Tuple
0.21 (it; probably is; the case that many of these individuals were poor eaters in childhood, and continue to have poor eating habits as adults, and these poor eating habits are negatively affecting their health)
0.92 (many of these individuals; were; poor eaters in childhood)
0.86 (these poor eating habits; are negatively affecting; their health)

#### Some carnivores eat the animals that eat the plants, and some eat other carnivores.

Confidence Tuple
0.77 (Some carnivores; eat; the animals that eat the plants)
0.89 (the animals; eat; the plants)
0.54 (some; eat; other carnivores)

#### Some good examples of insulator materials are rubber, plastic, glass, and wood.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Some good examples of insulator materials; are; rubber, plastic, glass, and wood)

#### Some is also lost as heat with each transfer, but overall the light reactions are extremely efficient at capturing light energy and transforming it to chemical energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.44 (Some; is lost; as heat with each transfer)

#### Some of the most important pieces of evidence scientists have to suggest that dinosaurs lived on earth millions of years ago are the fossils or remains of these giant lizards that have survived for millions of years.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Some of the most important pieces of evidence; are; the fossils or remains of these giant lizards)
0.90 (these giant lizards; have survived; T:for millions of years)
0.68 (scientists; to suggest; that dinosaurs lived on earth millions of years ago)
0.87 Context(scientists to suggest,List([46, 72))):(dinosaurs; lived; L:on earth millions of years; T:ago)

#### Some react with metals to give hydrogen gas 5.

Confidence Tuple
0.49 (Some; react; with metals)
0.49 Context(Some react,List([0, 10))):(Some; react with metals to give; hydrogen; gas 5)

#### Some tenrecs hibernate through the hot dry season.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Some tenrecs; hibernate; through the hot dry season)

#### Something in the pond water is causing thousands of these animals to develop defects.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (Something in the pond water; is causing; thousands of these animals to develop defects)

#### Sometimes lights appear to change in shape.

Confidence Tuple
0.70 (lights; appear; T:Sometimes)
0.52 (lights; to change; )

#### Student clothing should be clean and safe to wear for the types of activities performed by the students.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (activities; performed; by the students)

#### Students combine the three sediments and equally portion the mixture to each pan.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Students; combine; the three sediments and equally portion the mixture to each pan)

#### Students record their data on a chart and then organize it in graph form.

Confidence Tuple
0.82 (Students; record; their data)
0.87 (Students; organize; it; T:then)

#### Students should form a testable hypothesis and demonstrate the logical connections between the scientific concepts guiding a hypothesis and the design of an experiment.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Students; should form; a testable hypothesis)
0.88 (Students; demonstrate; the logical connections between the scientific concepts)
0.91 (the scientific concepts; guiding; a hypothesis and the design of an experiment)

#### Students will use a hand lens to look at snow flakes and crystals and draw their observations.

Confidence Tuple
0.85 (Students; will use; a hand lens; to look at snow flakes and crystals and draw their observations)
0.87 Context(Students will use,List([0, 17))):(Students; will use a hand lens to look; at snow flakes and crystals)
0.70 Context(Students will use,List([0, 17))):(Students; will use a hand lens to draw; their observations)

#### Study of this group would make an excellent research project for an interested student.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Study of this group; would make; an excellent research project for an interested student)

#### Sugar maple trees have the highest sugar content in the sap, but the more common red maple also can be used.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Sugar maple trees; have; the highest sugar content in the sap)
0.79 (the more common red maple; also can be used; )

#### Summertime temperatures can reach well over 100 degrees with water temperatures reaching above the 80-degree mark.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Summertime temperatures; can reach; well over 100 degrees with water temperatures)
0.90 (water temperatures; reaching; L:above the 80-degree mark)

#### Tadpoles metamorphose from gilled animals into air-breathing adults that are able to live on land.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (air-breathing adults; are; able to live on land)
0.91 (air-breathing adults; to live; L:on land)

#### Taller trees can be felled to allow more sunlight to reach grapevines, greenbriers, small conifers, thorn-apple trees and the like.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Taller trees; can be felled; to allow more sunlight to reach grapevines, greenbriers, small conifers, thorn-apple trees and the like)

#### Texture is clay, silty clay or clay loam.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Texture; is; clay, silty clay or clay loam)

#### That is, oceans and rivers are all water, and water, whether it is on the ground in the form of a liquid as a river or lake, or in the heavens in the form of vapor as clouds - is still water.

Confidence Tuple
0.52 (it; is; on the ground)

#### That is the beginning of the relationship, the symbiosis between the writer and the reader.

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (That; is; the beginning of the relationship)

#### That water vapor rises and becomes clouds.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (That water vapor; rises; )
0.90 (That water vapor; becomes; clouds)

#### The action of tides causes daily cycles of cut and fill.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (The action of tides; causes; daily cycles of cut and fill)

#### The attempt to match clients to treatments in order to improve outcome results is referred to as client-treatment matching or the matching hypothesis.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (The attempt to match clients to treatments in order; is referred; as client-treatment matching or the matching hypothesis)

#### The bacteria take nitrogen gas from the air, convert it to organic forms of nitrogen, and make it available to their host plant.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (The bacteria; take; nitrogen gas; from the air)
0.72 Context(The bacteria take,List([0, 17))):(The bacteria; take nitrogen gas convert; it; to organic forms of nitrogen)
0.72 Context(The bacteria take,List([0, 17))):(The bacteria; take nitrogen gas make; it available to their host plant)

#### The best time of year to hunt the fur bearing animals was the winter months.

Confidence Tuple
0.97 (The best time of year to hunt the fur bearing animals; was; the winter months)

#### The birds use their beaks to tear into the animals they catch--their prey.

Confidence Tuple
0.49 (they; catch; their prey)
0.80 (The birds; use; their beaks; to tear into the animals)
0.88 Context(The birds use,List([0, 13))):(The birds; use their beaks to tear; into the animals)

#### The blades and petioles become very brittle and flowers are distorted with stems gnarled and twisted.

Confidence Tuple
0.80 (The blades and petioles; become; very brittle)
0.71 (flowers; are distorted; )
0.56 (stems; gnarled; )
0.52 (stems; twisted; )

#### The broken line graph that you looked at above, showed the change in daily temperature over 1 week.

Confidence Tuple
0.86 (The broken line graph; looked above; you)
0.75 (The broken line graph that you looked at above; showed; the change in daily temperature over 1 week)

#### The butterfly-like wings of gas and dust are a common shape of planetary nebulae.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (The butterfly-like wings of gas and dust; are; a common shape of planetary nebulae)

#### The camel can intake large amounts of water, and is able to store it for long amounts of time in either one or two humps on its back.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (The camel; can intake; large amounts of water)
0.90 (The camel; is; able to store it for long amounts of time in either one or two humps on its back)

#### The camera view rotates and turns to show you everything in the lab, including the bubbling cauldron with smoke shaped like a skull coming out of it.

Confidence Tuple
0.75 (The camera view; rotates; )
0.83 (a skull; coming; out of it)
0.91 (The camera view; turns; to show you everything in the lab, including the bubbling cauldron with smoke)
0.71 (smoke; shaped; )

#### The class shows how producers, consumers, and decomposers are a very intricate part of the food chain which plays a necessary role in the forest ecosystem.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (the food chain; plays; a necessary role; L:in the forest ecosystem)
0.94 (The class; shows; how producers, consumers, and decomposers are a very intricate part of the food chain)
0.92 Context(The class shows,List([0, 15))):(producers, consumers, and decomposers; are; a very intricate part of the food chain)

#### The cockade shall have the same colours in the same pattern.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (The cockade; shall have; the same colours in the same pattern)

#### The cold water and the shade from tall trees on the surrounding ledges gave the air a noticeable chill.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (The cold water and the shade from tall trees on the surrounding ledges; gave; the air; a noticeable chill)

#### The concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide has increased dramatically during the past century.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (The concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide; has increased dramatically; T:during the past century)

#### The course covers the textural and mineralogic features of igneous and metamorphic rocks, the chemistry of igneous rocks, the phase diagrams controlling mineral crystallization in igneous and metamorphic rocks, and the tectonic environments in which various igneous and metamorphic rocks are found.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (The course; covers; the textural and mineralogic features of igneous and metamorphic rocks, the chemistry of igneous rocks, the phase diagrams controlling mineral crystallization in igneous and metamorphic rocks, and the tectonic environments)
0.91 (the phase diagrams; controlling; mineral crystallization; L:in igneous and metamorphic rocks)
0.95 (various igneous and metamorphic rocks; are found; L:the tectonic environments)

#### The coyote wants to eat the bird.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (The coyote; wants; to eat the bird)
0.88 Context(The coyote wants,List([0, 16))):(The coyote; wants to eat; the bird)

#### The data are averaged over long periods of time to account for changes caused by local weather, seasonal snow cover and other factors.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (The data; are averaged; T:over long periods of time)
0.93 (changes; caused; by local weather, seasonal snow cover and other factors)

#### The dead load, or the weight of each bridge, will be determined using a triple beam balance.

Confidence Tuple
0.83 (The dead load, or the weight of each bridge; will be determined; )

#### The electric current in a wire is often compared to water flowing through a pipe.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (The electric current in a wire; is compared; to water; T:often)
0.89 (water; flowing; through a pipe)

#### The ends of the thermocouple are heated by steam and cooled by ice-water in the small containers on the tripods.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (The ends of the thermocouple; are heated; by steam)
0.94 (The ends of the thermocouple; cooled; by ice-water in the small containers on the tripods)

#### The environment includes the living animals as well as the plants, etc.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (The environment; includes; the living animals as well as the plants, etc.)

#### The eroded sediments reach the lakes, causing siltation.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (The eroded sediments; reach; the lakes)
0.84 Context(The eroded sediments reach,List([0, 26))):(The eroded sediments; reach the lakes causing; siltation)

#### The evaporation of water from this fluid and the diffusion of sugars from the photosynthetic mesophyll cells make this solution quite concentrated.

Confidence Tuple
0.98 (The evaporation of water from this fluid and the diffusion of sugars from the photosynthetic mesophyll cells; make; this solution quite concentrated)

#### The fearful sounds emitted form the stables would have melted a heart of stone.

Confidence Tuple
0.68 (The fearful; sounds; emitted form the stables would have melted a heart of stone)
0.90 (the stables; would have melted; a heart of stone)

#### The feathers of a bird and the scales of a fish are homologous because they correspond in structure, position, and origin.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (The feathers of a bird and the scales of a fish; are; homologous; because they correspond in structure, position, and origin)
0.62 (they; correspond; L:in structure, position, and origin)

#### The fertility of the land and water is important.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (The fertility of the land and water; is; important)

#### The fire burns as long as there is energy in the wood.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (The fire; burns; T:as long as there is energy in the wood)

#### The floor is carpeted and the ceiling is coated with sound-absorbing material, keeping noise to a minimum.

Confidence Tuple
0.73 (The floor; is carpeted; )
0.90 (the ceiling; is coated; with sound-absorbing material)

#### The flow of current through a conductor enables the transfer of energy in a light bulb.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (The flow of current through a conductor; enables; the transfer of energy in a light bulb)

#### The force, or pressure, that is needed to push electricity through wires is called voltage.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (The force, or pressure; is needed; to push electricity through wires)
0.91 (The force, or pressure; to push; electricity; through wires)
0.97 (The force, or pressure, that is needed to push electricity through wires; is called; voltage)

#### The gases usually found in sealed regions mainly contain methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and oxygen.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (The gases; found; L:in sealed regions; T:usually)
0.96 (The gases usually found in sealed regions; mainly contain; methane, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and oxygen)

#### The glaciers have weathered unique holes in the rock formations.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (The glaciers; have weathered; unique holes; L:in the rock formations)

#### The gnarliest will have some redeeming traits even to the eye.

Confidence Tuple
0.57 (The gnarliest; will have; some redeeming traits)

#### The great masses of brick and weapons are immovable however, so there is no soft zone of compromise between wind and wall.

Confidence Tuple
0.84 (The great masses of brick and weapons; are; immovable; however)

#### The green in leaves is chlorophyll, a pigment plants use to collect energy from sunlight.

Confidence Tuple
0.96 (The green in leaves; is; chlorophyll, a pigment plants use to collect energy from sunlight)
0.85 (chlorophyll; use; to collect energy from sunlight)
0.87 Context(chlorophyll use,List([23, 56))):(a pigment plants; to collect; energy; from sunlight)

#### The heart pumps blood in waves.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (The heart; pumps; blood; in waves)

#### The heat from the room causes the ice to melt.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (The heat from the room; causes; the ice to melt)
0.69 Context(The heat from the room causes,List([0, 29))):(the ice; to melt; )

#### The heat of the lightning causes thunder.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (The heat of the lightning; causes; thunder)

#### The heat pump extracts this energy using it to heat water.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (The heat pump; extracts; this energy)
0.81 Context(The heat pump extracts,List([0, 22))):(The heat pump; extracts this energy using; it; to heat water)

#### The hot melt is then quenched by immediately sinking it into a bucket of water.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (The hot melt; is quenched; by immediately sinking it into a bucket of water; T:then)
Confidence Tuple
0.96 (The hydrologic cycle; links; the processes of evaporation, condensation, stream run-off, infiltration, percolation, and transpiration as water moves between the ocean, atmosphere and land)

#### The image above shows granite, an intrusive igneous rock.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (The image; shows; granite)

#### The impacts of green crabs on estuarine ecosystems are also important as introduced species may may reduce biodiversity and cause extinctions through competition, predation, and indirect effects.

Confidence Tuple
0.85 (The impacts of green crabs on estuarine ecosystems; are also; important)
0.90 (introduced species; may may reduce; biodiversity)
0.89 (introduced species; cause; extinctions)

#### The iris helps regulate the amount of light that enters the eye.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (the amount of light; enters; the eye)
0.91 (The iris; helps; regulate the amount of light)
0.73 Context(The iris helps,List([0, 14))):(The iris; helps regulate; the amount of light that enters the eye)

#### Their primary function is to break down dead matter, particularly plants.

Confidence Tuple
0.72 (Their primary function; is; to break down dead matter, particularly plants)

#### Their toys make kids laugh, dream, use their imaginations and most importantly smile.

Confidence Tuple
0.67 (kids; use; their imaginations)
0.55 (Their toys; make; kids laugh, dream, use their imaginations and most importantly smile)
0.74 Context(Their toys make,List([0, 15))):(kids; laugh; dream)

#### The key to this kind of study is the archaeologist making direct observations of cultural behavior as it is reflected in the things and refuse that people actually create.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (The key to this kind of study; is; the archaeologist making direct observations of cultural behavior)
0.90 (the archaeologist; making; direct observations of cultural behavior)
0.45 (it; is reflected; in the things)
0.17 (it; refuse; that people actually create)
0.67 Context(it refuse,List([102, 142))):(people; actually create; )

#### The kingfisher hovers in search of prey before it dives into the water catching its prey, usually small fish, in its bill.

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (it; dives; into the water)