8th Grade Examples Pt. 1

Absorption of cesium by humans takes place primarily through the digestive tract.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Absorption of cesium by humans; takes primarily; place)

A cancerous cell would look like a field overgrown with grass after all of the bushes and trees have been cut down to barely visible stumps.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (a field; overgrown; with grass after all of the bushes and trees)

A colored piece of glass because all the non-red colors in sunlight get absorbed and turn into radiant heat.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (all the non-red colors in sunlight; get; absorbed and turn into radiant heat)
0.80 (all the non-red colors in sunlight; get absorbed; )
0.94 (all the non-red colors in sunlight; turn; into radiant heat)

Action is necessary because the damage caused by climate change may be catastrophic and irreversible.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Action; is; necessary; because the damage caused by climate change may be catastrophic and irreversible)
0.90 (the damage; caused; by climate change)
0.83 (the damage caused by climate change; may be; catastrophic and irreversible)

After seeds germinate, the plants develop into the rosette stage.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (seeds; germinate; )
0.94 (the plants; develop; into the rosette stage; T:After seeds germinate)

A gene is a hereditary unit that can be passed on unaltered for many generations.

Confidence Tuple
0.88 (A gene; is; a hereditary unit that can be passed on unaltered for many generations)
0.90 (a hereditary unit; can be passed on unaltered; T:for many generations)

Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of scientific techniques, including genetic engineering, that are used to create, improve, or modify plants, animals, and microorganisms.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Agricultural biotechnology; is; a collection of scientific techniques, including genetic engineering)
0.93 (genetic engineering; are used; to create, improve, or modify plants, animals, and microorganisms)
0.70 (genetic engineering; to create; )
0.60 (genetic engineering; to improve; )

All basic body constituents are held in water, and it is the medium in which all chemical reactions take place in the body.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (All basic body constituents; are held; L:in water)
0.64 (it; is; the medium in which all chemical reactions take place in the body)
0.95 (all chemical reactions; take; place; L:in the body; L:the medium)

All living things must be composed of a single cell or groups of cells.

Confidence Tuple
0.66 (All living things; must be composed; of a single cell or groups of cells)

All of these impacts combine to cause a significant decrease in infiltration and a subsequent increase in the speed and amount of flood runoff.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (All of these impacts; combine; to cause a significant decrease in infiltration and a subsequent increase in the speed and amount of flood runoff)
0.94 Context(All of these impacts combine,List([0, 28))):(All of these impacts; combine to cause; a significant decrease in infiltration and a subsequent increase in the speed and amount of flood runoff)

All organizations require tremendous outgoing energy to survive and thrive.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (All organizations; require; tremendous outgoing energy; to survive and thrive)

All phytoplankton produce organic carbon compounds from dissolved carbon dioxide.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (All phytoplankton; produce; organic carbon compounds from dissolved carbon dioxide)

All plant life and animals produce hormones.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (All plant life and animals; produce; hormones)

All the isotopes of an element have the same number of protons, but a different number of neutrons.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (All the isotopes of an element; have; the same number of protons)

Also, at times a dam failure can cause a flash flood.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (a dam failure; can cause; a flash flood; T:at times)

Altering their environment disrupts the life cycle of animal species and they are oftentimes not able to adapt.

Confidence Tuple
0.66 (Altering their environment; disrupts; the life cycle of animal species)
0.36 (they; are oftentimes not; able to adapt)
0.28 (they; to adapt; )

Anagenesis entire species undergoes change until transformed into recognizably different species.

Confidence Tuple
0.66 (Anagenesis entire species; undergoes; change; T:until transformed into recognizably different species)

An area is available for food.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (An area; is; available for food)

An electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (An electric motor; converts; electrical energy; into mechanical energy)

Anglerfish have evolved a strange strategy that allows males to remain attached to female anglerfish once they have managed to find them following a chemical smell.

Confidence Tuple
0.85 (a strange strategy; allows; males to remain attached to female anglerfish once they have managed to find them following a chemical smell)
0.87 Context(a strange strategy allows,List([24, 54))):(males; to remain; attached to female anglerfish)
0.41 (they; have managed; to find them following a chemical smell)
0.41 Context(they have managed,List([106, 123))):(they; have managed to find; them following a chemical smell)
0.40 Context(they have managed to find,List([106, 131))):(them; following; a chemical smell)

Animals or live animal cells, tissues, or organs obtained through abattoirs should not be used as a source of xenografts.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (organs; obtained; )
0.94 (Animals or live animal cells, tissues, or organs; should not be used; as a source of xenografts)

An object in motion will remain in motion until and outside force acts on it.

Confidence Tuple
0.86 (An object in motion; will remain; in motion; T:until and outside force acts on it)

A number of serious diseases are caused by organisms that can survive for only a very short period of time outside of the fish they infect.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (A number of serious diseases; are caused; by organisms)
0.92 (organisms; can survive; T:for only a very short period of time outside of the fish)
0.88 (the fish; infect; they)

Any microorganism that may cause a disease.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Any microorganism; may cause; a disease)

Architects can design computer drawings of buildings, while engineers can use the technology to draft three-dimensional computer models of projects, including bridges and highways.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Architects; can design; computer drawings of buildings)
0.91 (engineers; can use; the technology; to draft three-dimensional computer models of projects, including bridges and highways)
0.91 Context(engineers can use,List([60, 77))):(engineers; can use the technology to draft; three-dimensional computer models of projects, including bridges and highways)

A sample of ice has a mass of 25 kilograms.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (A sample of ice; has; a mass of 25 kilograms)

As a result, certain species may face dwindling numbers and even extinction if they are unable to migrate fast enough to keep up with the changing climate.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (certain species; may face; dwindling numbers and even extinction)
0.36 (they; are; unable to migrate fast enough)
0.58 (they; to migrate; fast enough to keep up with the changing climate)

Asexual reproduction occurs in both plants and animals.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Asexual reproduction; occurs; L:in both plants and animals)

As ferrouranium readily dissolves in mineral acids, its chemical analysis is not problematic.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (ferrouranium; readily dissolves; )
0.41 (its chemical analysis; is not; problematic)

A sinkhole formed when this cavity caved in.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (A sinkhole; formed; T:when this cavity caved in)
0.73 (this cavity; caved in; )

As plants die, settle to the bottom, and decompose, they use oxygen that fish need to survive.

Confidence Tuple
0.56 (plants; die; )
0.32 (they; use; oxygen that fish need to survive)
0.55 (fish; need; to survive)
0.51 Context(fish need,List([73, 82))):(fish; need to survive to survive; )

As the cells metabolize hydrogen sulfide, they form internal deposits of elemental sulfur.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (the cells; metabolize; hydrogen sulfide)
0.68 (they; form; internal deposits of elemental sulfur)

As the shared habitat needs of many species at risk have become more apparent, there has been a gradual shift away from individual species recovery efforts to a more ecosystemic approach that focuses on habitat restoration.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (the shared habitat needs of many species at risk; have become; more apparent)
0.91 (a more ecosystemic approach; focuses; on habitat restoration)

A substance that promotes the suspension of one liquid in another.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (A substance; promotes; the suspension of one liquid in another)

As water vapor cools in the atmosphere, it turns into ice during the process of deposition or condenses into liquid water to form clouds.

Confidence Tuple
0.76 (it; turns; into ice; T:during the process of deposition or condenses into liquid water; T:As water vapor cools in the atmosphere)

Asymmetrical cell division is very common in both animals and plants, in tissues which go on growing indefinitely, like the skin, the blood cells, or the growing tips of plant shoots.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Asymmetrical cell division; is; very common; L:in both animals and plants)
0.74 (tissues; go; )

At best, it represented the material comfort and consumer goods associated with our mode of living.

Confidence Tuple
0.83 (consumer goods; associated; with our mode of living)

At four weeks, a human embryo is barely distinguishable from any other vertebrate embryo-bird, reptile, or mammal-but by six weeks it resembles only other mammalian embryos, and by seven weeks, only certain primate embryos, such as monkeys.

Confidence Tuple
0.97 (a human embryo; is; barely distinguishable from any other vertebrate embryo-bird, reptile, or mammal; T:At four weeks)
0.60 (it; resembles only; other mammalian embryos; T:by six weeks)

A tidal bore is the effect of the tide advancing in the form of a wave up the rivers and estuaries, which temporarily reverses their natural flow.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (A tidal bore; is; the effect of the tide)
0.73 (the tide; advancing; )
0.93 (a wave up the rivers and estuaries; reverses; their natural flow; T:temporarily)

Atoms react to form molecules.

Confidence Tuple
0.87 (Atoms; react; to form molecules)
0.87 Context(Atoms react,List([0, 11))):(Atoms; react to form; molecules)

A type of testicular cancer that arises from sex cells, or germ cells, at a very early stage in their development.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (testicular cancer; arises; from sex cells, or germ cells)

A typical spiral galaxy contains about one hundred billion stars and is approximately one hundred thousand light years across.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (A typical spiral galaxy; contains; about one hundred billion stars)
0.93 (A typical spiral galaxy; is; approximately one hundred thousand light years across)

A water flow metaphor is used to illustrate electric current.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (A water flow metaphor; is used; to illustrate electric current)
0.91 (A water flow metaphor; to illustrate; electric current)

Bacterial saprophytes and saprophytic fungi are essential to the recycling of nutrients in natural ecosystem.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Bacterial saprophytes and saprophytic fungi; are; essential to the recycling of nutrients in natural ecosystem)

Beavers are again being blamed for damage to streams and small creeks, farmers and landowners battle them as they seemingly overnight will build dams causing flooding, or the opposite, of stopping water flow below the area of the dam.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Beavers; are being blamed; for damage to streams and small creeks, farmers and landowners; T:again)
0.55 (they; seemingly overnight will build; dams)
0.55 Context(they seemingly overnight will build,List([109, 144))):(they; seemingly overnight will build dams causing; flooding)

Because of his survival, these traits are able to be passed on to offspring.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (these traits; are; able to be passed on to offspring)
0.89 (these traits; to be passed on; to offspring)

Besides making webs, spiders use silk for many purposes such as dispersal by ballooning and egg sacs.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (spiders; use; silk; for many purposes such as dispersal by ballooning and egg sacs)

Biomass is probably our oldest source of energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.86 (Biomass; is probably; our oldest source of energy)

Both man-made and natural disasters can have far-reaching effects.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Both man-made and natural disasters; can have; far-reaching effects)

Both vehicles collide at the crest and come to a stop.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Both vehicles; collide; L:at the crest)
0.89 (Both vehicles; come; to a stop)

Brake shoes and pads are designed to create friction in order to stop the motion of the wheels.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Brake shoes and pads; are designed; to create friction in order)
0.91 (Brake shoes and pads; to create; friction; in order)

Breathing deeply, he turned to the mirror.

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (he; turned; to the mirror)

But in winter when days are short birds have less time to find enough food to keep themselves warm and alive through long, cold winter nights.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (days; are; )
0.93 (short birds; have; less time to find enough food; L:in winter; T:when days are)
0.88 Context(short birds have,List([28, 44))):(short birds; have to find; enough food to keep themselves warm and alive through long, cold winter nights; T:less time)

Chiropractic science is concerned with the relationship between structure, primarily the spine, and function, primarily the nervous system, of the human body as that relationship may affect the restoration and preservation of health.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Chiropractic science; is; concerned with the relationship between structure, primarily the spine, and function, primarily the nervous system, of the human body)
0.90 (that relationship; may affect; the restoration and preservation of health)

Chlorophyll is found in special structures within plant cells, or organelles, called chloroplasts.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Chlorophyll; is found; L:in special structures; L:within plant cells)

Consequently, species must evolve in response to environmental change, or they will become extinct.

Confidence Tuple
0.71 (species; must evolve; )
0.36 (they; will become; extinct)

C, right-coiling forms of the species dominate the population.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (C, right-coiling forms of the species; dominate; the population)

Crop subsidies encourage farmers to increase their use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals that increase output per acre.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Crop subsidies; encourage; farmers; to increase their use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals)
0.88 (farmers; to increase; their use of fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals)
0.89 (other chemicals; increase; output per acre)

D delta - a deposit of sediment that occurs at a river mouth.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (a deposit of sediment; occurs; L:at a river mouth)

Determine properties of two dimensional figures and compare shapes according to their characterizing properties, identify two-dimensional shapes on a picture of a three-dimensional objects describing similarities and differences using appropriate standard or nonstandard language.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (a three-dimensional objects; describing; similarities and differences)

Different elements react to alpha radiation in different ways, so scientists could determine which elements were present in the rock by analyzing the results.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Different elements; react; to alpha radiation)
0.91 (scientists; could determine; which elements were present in the rock by analyzing the results)

D plant and animal cells to reinforce the knowledge of plant and animal cell structure.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (D plant and animal cells; to reinforce; the knowledge of plant and animal cell structure)

During a chemical reaction, energy is either absorbed or released when chemical bonds are formed or broken.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (energy; is; either absorbed or released; T:During a chemical reaction)
0.68 (energy; absorbed; )
0.88 (energy; released; T:when chemical bonds are formed or broken)
0.73 (chemical bonds; are formed; )
0.70 (chemical bonds; broken; )

During their stay there they hunted and killed fresh game for food.

Confidence Tuple
0.56 (they; hunted; T:During their stay there)
0.57 (they; killed; fresh game; for food; T:During their stay there)

Earth rotates once every day.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Earth; rotates; T:once every day)

Electric motors convert electrical energy into mechanical energy.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Electric motors; convert; electrical energy; into mechanical energy)

Encounters between animals of the same sex resulted in avoidance behavior and aggression.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Encounters between animals of the same sex; resulted; in avoidance behavior and aggression)

Energy and work are measured in the same units-foot-pounds, joules, ergs, or some other, depending on the system of measurement being used.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Energy and work; are measured; in the same units-foot-pounds, joules, ergs, or some other)
0.77 (the system of measurement; being used; )

Ensure heels and soles of like shoes are grounded to each other and unlike shoes are grounded at the soles only.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Ensure heels and soles of like shoes; are grounded; to each other; T:unlike shoes are grounded at the soles only)

Evolution by natural selection could not be faster than the mutation rate, for mutation is, ultimately, the only way in which new variation enters the species.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Evolution by natural selection; could not be; faster than the mutation rate)
0.77 (mutation; is; )
0.94 (new variation; enters; the species; T:ultimately)

Few businesses and suppliers have a policy to purchase environmentally friendly products and perform environmental audits.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Few businesses and suppliers; have; a policy to purchase environmentally friendly products and perform environmental audits)

Fish tells me an animal is an aquatic vertebrate with a two-chambered heart and gills.

Confidence Tuple
0.79 (Fish; tells; me; an animal is an aquatic vertebrate with a two-chambered heart and gills)
0.94 Context(Fish tells,List([0, 10))):(an animal; is; an aquatic vertebrate with a two-chambered heart and gills)

Flowers are cup-shaped with five rounded petals, white or flushed pink or red, often mingled on the same plant.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Flowers; are; cup-shaped with five rounded petals, white or flushed pink or red)
0.97 (five rounded petals, white or flushed pink or red; mingled; L:on the same plant; T:often)

Fog and clouds form through condensation around cloud condensation nuclei.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Fog and clouds; form; through condensation around cloud condensation nuclei)

For example, as water cools, the slowing oscillations of the molecules allow the water to freeze into ice.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (the slowing oscillations of the molecules; allow; the water to freeze into ice)
0.88 Context(the slowing oscillations of the molecules allow,List([29, 76))):(the water; to freeze; into ice)

For example, in drier ecosystems around the world where there is not enough moisture to help in the decay of dead plants, fire is required to break down and help recycle the nutrients.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (fire; is required; to break down and help recycle the nutrients; L:in drier ecosystems around the world)

For final embedding, pellet cells, remove all plastic.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (pellet cells; remove; all plastic)

For most people, networking is a learned behavior like learning to swim.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (networking; is; a learned behavior like learning to swim)

For some reason they do not reproduce and will soon be an extinct species.

Confidence Tuple
0.32 (they; do not reproduce; )
0.61 (they; will be; an extinct species; T:soon)

Furthermore, since the combustion of hydrogen produces water as exhaust, air pollution from vehicles would be replaced with air pollution generated by the electricity generation plants, which could perhaps be better controlled.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (the combustion of hydrogen; produces; water)
0.92 (air pollution from vehicles; would be replaced; with air pollution)
0.90 (air pollution; generated; by the electricity generation plants)
0.77 (the electricity generation plants; could perhaps be; better controlled)

Genes are located on chromosomes in the cell.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Genes; are located; L:on chromosomes; L:in the cell)

Global warming will lead to much more severe weather.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Global warming; will lead; to much more severe weather)

Glucose, or sugar, is an energy source for living cells in plants, animals and humans.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Glucose, or sugar; is; an energy source for living cells in plants, animals and humans)

Good summer and fall nutrition may be critical to winter survival and successful production of healthy fawns the following spring.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Good summer and fall nutrition; may be; critical to winter survival and successful production of healthy fawns the following spring)

Hair is used to insulate and keep the body warm in a large variety of climates.

Confidence Tuple
0.95 (Hair; is used; to insulate and keep the body warm in a large variety of climates)
0.74 (Hair; to insulate; )
0.86 (Hair; to keep; the body)

He inherits a genetic predisposition to impuslive behavior from his mother and a genetic predisposition to irritability from his father.

Confidence Tuple
0.42 (He; inherits; a genetic predisposition; to impuslive behavior from his mother and a genetic predisposition)

Heredity is the passing of traits from parent to offspring.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (Heredity; is; the passing of traits from parent to offspring)

However, different family members with the same genetic susceptibility may exhibit a wide variety of symptoms, or even none.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (different family members with the same genetic susceptibility; may exhibit; a wide variety of symptoms, or even none)

How much they can change over short periods of time.

Confidence Tuple
0.62 (they; can change; T:over short periods of time)

Human cells contain 46 chromosomes in 23 pairs.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (Human cells; contain; 46 chromosomes; in 23 pairs)

Human factors involves considering how humans can use systems more effectively, efficiently, and acceptably.

Confidence Tuple
0.94 (Human factors; involves; considering how humans can use systems more effectively, efficiently, and acceptably)
0.89 (humans; can use more effectively efficiently; systems)

Humans have 23 chromosomes.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Humans; have; 23 chromosomes)

Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (Humans; have; 23 pairs of chromosomes)

Hydrogen peroxide has been found effective in milk sterilization, and if the substance is pure, no serious objection can be raised against it.

Confidence Tuple
0.93 (Hydrogen peroxide; has been found; T:effective in milk sterilization)
0.81 (the substance; is; pure)
0.85 (no serious objection; can be raised; against it)

If it functioned as a frontier system there must have been a series of watch towers and signal stations to communicate between the forts, but none are known.

Confidence Tuple
0.45 (it; functioned; as a frontier system)
0.71 (none; are known; )

If reptiles gave rise to birds, then we would expect to find transitional forms in the fossil record showing the gradual transition of the forelimbs of the ancestral reptile into the wings of a bird, and the gradual transition of some structure of the reptile into the feathers of a bird.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (reptiles; gave; rise; to birds)
0.94 (the fossil record; showing; the gradual transition of the forelimbs of the ancestral reptile into the wings of a bird, and the gradual transition of some structure of the reptile into the feathers of a bird)

If the consumer wants certain things in sufficient numbers then the farmer and food producer will provide them.

Confidence Tuple
0.90 (the consumer; wants then; certain things in sufficient numbers)
0.87 (the farmer and food producer; will provide; them)

If the digestive system contains food, these nutrients are absorbed in the blood and nourish our cells.

Confidence Tuple
0.91 (the digestive system; contains; food)
0.90 (these nutrients; are absorbed; L:in the blood)
0.81 (these nutrients; nourish; our cells)

If the organs of the digestive system that transform food into bone, tissue, blood, and energy fail to function properly, the body will not receive adequate nourishment.

Confidence Tuple
0.92 (the organs of the digestive system; transform; food; into bone, tissue, blood, and energy)
0.94 (the organs of the digestive system that transform food into bone, tissue, blood, and energy; fail; to function properly)
0.92 (the organs of the digestive system that transform food into bone, tissue, blood, and energy; to function properly; )
0.90 (the body; will not receive; adequate nourishment)

If your baby changes position abruptly or is startled by a loud noise, you will see him or her react by tensing and arching the body, throwing out the arms, and stiffening.

Confidence Tuple
0.89 (baby changes; is startled; by a loud noise)
0.58 (you; will see; him or her react by tensing and arching the body, throwing out the arms, and stiffening)